Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/25073
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dc.contributor.authorFitzer, Susan-
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Wenzhong-
dc.contributor.authorTanner, K Elizabeth-
dc.contributor.authorPhoenix, Vernon R-
dc.contributor.authorKamenos, Nicholas A-
dc.contributor.authorCusack, Maggie-
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-15T23:14:37Z-
dc.date.issued2015-02-06-
dc.identifier.other20141227-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/25073-
dc.description.abstractOcean acidification (OA) and the resultant changing carbonate saturation states is threatening the formation of calcium carbonate shells and exoskeletons of marine organisms. The production of biominerals in such organisms relies on the availability of carbonate and the ability of the organism to biomineralize in changing environments. To understand how biomineralizers will respond to OA the common blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, was cultured at projected levels of pCO2 (380, 550, 750, 1000 matm) and increased temperatures (ambient, ambient plus 28C). Nanoindentation (a single mussel shell) and microhardness testing were used to assess the material properties of the shells. Young's modulus (E), hardness (H) and toughness (KIC) were measured in mussel shells grown in multiple stressor conditions. OA caused mussels to produce shell calcite that is stiffer (higher modulus of elasticity) and harder than shells grown in control conditions. The outer shell (calcite) is more brittle in OA conditions while the inner shell (aragonite) is softer and less stiff in shells grown under OA conditions. Combining increasing ocean pCO2 and temperatures as projected for future global ocean appears to reduce the impact of increasing pCO2 on the material properties of the mussel shell. OA may cause changes in shell material properties that could prove problematic under predation scenarios for the mussels; however, this may be partially mitigated by increasing temperature. © 2014 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society.All rights reserved.en_UK
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisherThe Royal Society-
dc.relationFitzer S, Zhu W, Tanner KE, Phoenix VR, Kamenos NA & Cusack M (2015) Ocean acidification alters the material properties of Mytilus edulis shells, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 12 (103), Art. No.: 20141227.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectbiomineralizationen_UK
dc.subjectocean acidificationen_UK
dc.subjecttemperatureen_UK
dc.subjectmusselsen_UK
dc.subjectCO2en_UK
dc.subjectmultiple stressorsen_UK
dc.titleOcean acidification alters the material properties of Mytilus edulis shellsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargodate2999-12-31T00:00:00Z-
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.1227-
dc.citation.jtitleJournal of the Royal Society Interface-
dc.citation.issn1742-5662-
dc.citation.volume12-
dc.citation.issue103-
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublished-
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereed-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.author.emailmaggie.cusack@stir.ac.uk-
dc.contributor.affiliationAquaculture-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of the West of Scotland-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgow-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgow-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgow-
dc.contributor.affiliationFaculty of Natural Sciences-
dc.rights.embargoterms2999-12-31-
dc.rights.embargoliftdate2999-12-31-
dc.identifier.isi000353394100016-
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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