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Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Payment for multiple forest benefits alters the effect of tree disease on optimal forest rotation length
Author(s): Macpherson, Morag
Kleczkowski, Adam
Healey, John
Hanley, Nick
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Keywords: Payment for ecosystem services
Payment for environmental services
Forest ecosystem services
Green payments
Invasive species
Pests and diseases
Hartman model
Bioeconomic modelling
Optimal rotation length
Issue Date: Apr-2017
Citation: Macpherson M, Kleczkowski A, Healey J & Hanley N (2017) Payment for multiple forest benefits alters the effect of tree disease on optimal forest rotation length, Ecological Economics, 134, pp. 82-94.
Abstract: Forests deliver multiple benefits both to their owners and to wider society. However, a wave of forest pests and pathogens is threatening this worldwide. In this paper we examine the effect of disease on the optimal rotation length of a single-aged, single rotation forest when a payment for non-timber benefits, which is offered to private forest owners to partly internalise the social values of forest management, is included. Using a generalisable bioeconomic framework we show how this payment counteracts the negative economic effect of disease by increasing the optimal rotation length, and under some restrictive conditions, even makes it optimal to never harvest the forest. The analysis shows a range of complex interactions between factors including the rate of spread of infection and the impact of disease on the value of harvested timber and non-timber benefits. A key result is that the effect of disease on the optimal rotation length is dependent on whether the disease affects the timber benefit only compared to when it affects both timber and non-timber benefits. Our framework can be extended to incorporate multiple ecosystem services delivered by forests and details of how disease can affect their production, thus facilitating a wide range of applications.
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Rights: Crown Copyright © 2017 Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (

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