Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/24780
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dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Daviden_UK
dc.contributor.authorBergstrom, Zaraen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGrainger, Catherineen_UK
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-21T22:09:19Z-
dc.date.available2017-02-21T22:09:19Z-
dc.date.issued2018-04-01en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/24780-
dc.description.abstractAmong neurotypical adults, errors made with high confidence (i.e. errors a person strongly believed they would not make) are corrected more reliably than errors made with low confidence. This ‘hypercorrection effect’ is thought to result from enhanced attention to information that reflects a ‘metacognitive mismatch’ between one’s beliefs and reality. In Experiment 1, we employed a standard measure of this effect. Participants answered general knowledge questions and provided confidence judgements about how likely each answer was to be correct, after which feedback was given. Finally, participants were retested on all questions answeredincorrectly during the initial phase. Mindreading ability and autism spectrum disorder–like traits were measured. We found that a representative sample of (n = 83) neurotypical participants made accurate confidence judgements (reflecting good metacognition) and showed the hypercorrection effect. Mindreading ability was associated with autism spectrum disorder–like traits and metacognition. However, the hypercorrection effect was non-significantly associated with mindreading or autism spectrum disorder–like traits. In Experiment 2, 11 children with autism spectrum disorder and 11 matched comparison participants completed the hypercorrection task. Although autism spectrum disorder children showed significantly diminished metacognitive ability, they showed an undiminished hypercorrection effect. The evidence in favour of an undiminished hypercorrection effect (null result) was moderate, according to Bayesian analysis (Bayes factor = 0.21).en_UK
dc.language.isoenen_UK
dc.publisherSAGEen_UK
dc.relationWilliams D, Bergstrom Z & Grainger C (2018) Metacognitive monitoring and the hypercorrection effect in autism and the general population: Relation to autism(-like) traits and mindreading, Autism, 22 (3), pp. 259-270. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1362361316680178; https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361316680178.en_UK
dc.rightsPublisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Autism by SAGE. The original publication is available at: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1362361316680178en_UK
dc.subjectautismen_UK
dc.subjecthypercorrectionen_UK
dc.subjectmentalisingen_UK
dc.subjectmetacognitionen_UK
dc.subjectmindreadingen_UK
dc.titleMetacognitive monitoring and the hypercorrection effect in autism and the general population: Relation to autism(-like) traits and mindreadingen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/1362361316680178en_UK
dc.identifier.pmid29671645en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleAutismen_UK
dc.citation.issn1461-7005en_UK
dc.citation.issn1362-3613en_UK
dc.citation.volume22en_UK
dc.citation.issue3en_UK
dc.citation.spage259en_UK
dc.citation.epage270en_UK
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublisheden_UK
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereeden_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.identifier.urlhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1362361316680178en_UK
dc.author.emailcatherine.grainger@stir.ac.uken_UK
dc.citation.date15/12/2016en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Kenten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Kenten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPsychologyen_UK
dc.identifier.isi000432046600004en_UK
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-85042342799en_UK
dc.identifier.wtid540240en_UK
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0001-7506-6176en_UK
dc.date.accepted2016-10-12en_UK
dc.date.firstcompliantdepositdate2017-01-12en_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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