Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/24491
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dc.contributor.authorPlumptre, Andrewen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNixon, Stuarten_UK
dc.contributor.authorKujirakwinja, Deoen_UK
dc.contributor.authorVieilledent, Ghislainen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCritchlow, Roben_UK
dc.contributor.authorWilliamson, Elizabeth Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNishuli, Radaren_UK
dc.contributor.authorKirkby, Andrewen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHall, Jefferson Sen_UK
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-11T22:26:34Z-
dc.date.available2017-02-11T22:26:34Z-
dc.date.issued2016-10-19en_UK
dc.identifier.othere0162697en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/24491-
dc.description.abstractGrauer’s gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri), the World’s largest primate, is confined to eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and is threatened by civil war and insecurity. During the war, armed groups in mining camps relied on hunting bushmeat, including gorillas. Insecurity and the presence of several militia groups across Grauer’s gorilla’s range made it very difficult to assess their population size. Here we use a novel method that enables rigorous assessment of local community and ranger-collected data on gorilla occupancy to evaluate the impacts of civil war on Grauer’s gorilla, which prior to the war was estimated to number 16,900 individuals. We show that gorilla numbers in their stronghold of Kahuzi-Biega National Park have declined by 87%. Encounter rate data of gorilla nests at 10 sites across its range indicate declines of 82–100% at six of these sites. Spatial occupancy analysis identifies three key areas as the most critical sites for the remaining populations of this ape and that the range of this taxon is around 19,700 km2. We estimate that only 3,800 Grauer’s gorillas remain in the wild, a 77% decline in one generation, justifying its elevation to Critically Endangered status on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.en_UK
dc.language.isoenen_UK
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_UK
dc.relationPlumptre A, Nixon S, Kujirakwinja D, Vieilledent G, Critchlow R, Williamson EA, Nishuli R, Kirkby A & Hall JS (2016) Catastrophic decline of world's largest primate: 80% loss of Grauer's gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) population justifies Critically Endangered status. PLoS ONE, 11 (10), Art. No.: e0162697. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0162697; https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162697en_UK
dc.rights© 2016 Plumptre et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en_UK
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_UK
dc.subjectgreat apeen_UK
dc.subjectwildlife conservationen_UK
dc.subjectIUCNen_UK
dc.subjectRed Listen_UK
dc.subjectDRCen_UK
dc.subjectCongoen_UK
dc.titleCatastrophic decline of world's largest primate: 80% loss of Grauer's gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) population justifies Critically Endangered statusen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0162697en_UK
dc.identifier.pmid27760201en_UK
dc.citation.jtitlePLoS ONEen_UK
dc.citation.issn1932-6203en_UK
dc.citation.volume11en_UK
dc.citation.issue10en_UK
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublisheden_UK
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereeden_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.identifier.urlhttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0162697en_UK
dc.author.emaileaw1@stir.ac.uken_UK
dc.citation.date19/10/2016en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationWildlife Conservation Societyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationChester Zooen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationWildlife Conservation Societyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCIRADen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Yorken_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPsychologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationICCNen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationWildlife Conservation Societyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSmithsonianen_UK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000386204000003en_UK
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-84992515530en_UK
dc.identifier.wtid545733en_UK
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0001-6848-9154en_UK
dc.date.accepted2016-06-27en_UK
dc.date.filedepositdate2016-10-29en_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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