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dc.contributor.authorMadrigal-Gonzalez, Jaimeen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Benito, Palomaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRatcliffe, Sophiaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCalatayud, Joaquinen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKändler, Geralden_UK
dc.contributor.authorLehtonen, Aleksien_UK
dc.contributor.authorDahlgren, Jonasen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWirth, Christianen_UK
dc.contributor.authorZavala, Miguel Aen_UK
dc.description.abstractAlthough sustainable development was defined in the Brundtland Report almost 30 years ago, the current usage of the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development remain highly equivocal. In the context of rural communities, multiple interpretations and weak definitions lead to confusion in understanding what comprises a sustainable rural community. Building on existing definitions (e.g. Baker's, 2006, ‘Ladder of Sustainable Development'), models (principally, The Egan Review's, 2004, ‘Components of Sustainable Communities') and findings of this study, a sustainable community is defined and a holistic model of a sustainable place-based rural community is presented. This model, the sustainable community design (SCD) is used as the basis for analysing community sustainability, which is measured using mixed methods and scorecard assessment. Sensitivity of the method is demonstrated with inter- and intra-community variations in sustainability across three diverse Scottish rural communities. Intra-community variations illustrate heterogeneity in community sustainability, explain ambiguity in characterisations of an individual community's sustainability, and highlight the importance of an interdisciplinary and holistic approach to community development. The SCD framework is presented as a useful tool for meso-level sustainability assessment and to facilitate the sustainable development of rural communities.en_UK
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen_UK
dc.relationMadrigal-Gonzalez J, Ruiz-Benito P, Ratcliffe S, Calatayud J, Kändler G, Lehtonen A, Dahlgren J, Wirth C & Zavala MA (2016) Complementarity effects on tree growth are contingent on tree size and climatic conditions across Europe. Scientific Reports, 6, Art. No.: 32233.
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
dc.subjectcommunity developmenten_UK
dc.subjectmixed methoden_UK
dc.subjectSustainable communitiesen_UK
dc.titleComplementarity effects on tree growth are contingent on tree size and climatic conditions across Europeen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleScientific Reportsen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Alcalaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity Leipzigen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Alcalaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationForest Research Institute (Dehradun)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNatural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSwedish University of Agricultural Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity Leipzigen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Alcalaen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorMadrigal-Gonzalez, Jaime|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRuiz-Benito, Paloma|0000-0002-2781-5870en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRatcliffe, Sophia|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCalatayud, Joaquin|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKändler, Gerald|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorLehtonen, Aleksi|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDahlgren, Jonas|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorWirth, Christian|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorZavala, Miguel A|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameComplementarity effects on tree growth.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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