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dc.contributor.authorLintott, Paulen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFuentes-Montemayor, Elisaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGoulson, Daveen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPark, Kirstyen_UK
dc.description.abstractContext: Determining the biodiversity of an area is essential for making targeted conservation decisions. Undertaking surveys to confirm species presence or to estimate population sizes can be difficult, particularly for elusive species. Bats are able to detect and avoid traps, making it difficult to quantify abundance. Although acoustic surveys using bat detectors are often used as a surrogate for relative abundance, the implicit assumption that there is a positive correlation between activity levels and abundance is rarely tested.  Aims: We assessed the effectiveness of surveying techniques (i.e. trapping and acoustic monitoring) for detecting species presence and tested the strength of collinearity among methods. In addition, we tested whether the use of an acoustic lure (a bat-call synthesiser) increased bat-capture rate and therefore species detectability.  Methods: Surveying was carried out over 3 years in central Scotland (UK), in 68 woodlands within predominantly agricultural or urban landscapes.  Key results: There was a significant positive relationship between bat activity recorded on ultrasonic detectors and the relative abundance of Pipistrellus pygmaeus and P. pipistrellus, but not those in the genus Myotis. In general, acoustic monitoring was more effective than trapping at determining species presence; however, to ensure rarer or quiet species are recorded, a complementary approach is required. Broadcasting four different types of echolocation call resulted in a 2–12-fold increase in trapping success across four species of insectivorous bat found in the study region. Whereas lure effectiveness remained unchanged for female P. pygmaeus over time, there was a marked increase in the number of males captured using the lure throughout the summer (May to September).  Conclusions: In the present study, we have demonstrated a variety of ways to increase surveying efficiency, which can maximise the knowledge of diversity in an area, minimise wildlife disturbance, and enhance surveying effectiveness. Implications:Increasing surveying efficiency can improve the accuracy of targeted conservation decisions.en_UK
dc.publisherCSIRO Publishingen_UK
dc.relationLintott P, Fuentes-Montemayor E, Goulson D & Park K (2013) Testing the effectiveness of surveying techniques in determining bat community composition within woodland. Wildlife Research, 40 (8), pp. 675-684.
dc.rightsPublisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Wildlife Research 40(8) 675-684 by CSIRO Publishing. The original publication is available at:
dc.subjectacoustic lureen_UK
dc.subjectacoustic surveyen_UK
dc.subjectcapture methodsen_UK
dc.subjectsurveying efficiencyen_UK
dc.titleTesting the effectiveness of surveying techniques in determining bat community composition within woodlanden_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleWildlife Researchen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirlingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sussexen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorLintott, Paul|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFuentes-Montemayor, Elisa|0000-0002-5550-9432en_UK
local.rioxx.authorGoulson, Dave|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPark, Kirsty|0000-0001-6080-7197en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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