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dc.contributor.authorChazdon, Robin Len_UK
dc.contributor.authorBroadbent, Eben Nen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRozendaal, Danae M Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBongers, Fransen_UK
dc.contributor.authorAlmeyda Zambrano, Angelica Mariaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorAide, T Mitchellen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBalvanera, Patriciaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBecknell, Justin Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorBoukili, Vanessaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBrancalion, Pedro H Sen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCraven, Dylan Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorAlmeida-Cortez, Jarcilene Sen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCabral, George A Len_UK
dc.contributor.authorde Jong, Benen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDent, Daisyen_UK
dc.description.abstractRegrowth of tropical secondary forests following complete or nearly complete removal of forest vegetation actively stores carbon in aboveground biomass, partially counterbalancing carbon emissions from deforestation, forest degradation, burning of fossil fuels, and other anthropogenic sources. We estimate the age and spatial extent of lowland second-growth forests in the Latin American tropics and model their potential aboveground carbon accumulation over four decades. Our model shows that, in 2008, second-growth forests (1 to 60 years old) covered 2.4 million km2of land (28.1% of the total study area). Over 40 years, these lands can potentially accumulate a total aboveground carbon stock of 8.48 Pg C (petagrams of carbon) in aboveground biomass via low-cost natural regeneration or assisted regeneration, corresponding to a total CO2sequestration of 31.09 Pg CO2. This total is equivalent to carbon emissions from fossil fuel use and industrial processes in all of Latin America and the Caribbean from 1993 to 2014. Ten countries account for 95% of this carbon storage potential, led by Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela. We model future land-use scenarios to guide national carbon mitigation policies. Permitting natural regeneration on 40% of lowland pastures potentially stores an additional 2.0 Pg C over 40 years. Our study provides information and maps to guide national-level forest-based carbon mitigation plans on the basis of estimated rates of natural regeneration and pasture abandonment. Coupled with avoided deforestation and sustainable forest management, natural regeneration of second-growth forests provides a low-cost mechanism that yields a high carbon sequestration potential with multiple benefits for biodiversity and ecosystem services.en_UK
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Scienceen_UK
dc.relationChazdon RL, Broadbent EN, Rozendaal DMA, Bongers F, Almeyda Zambrano AM, Aide TM, Balvanera P, Becknell JM, Boukili V, Brancalion PHS, Craven DJ, Almeida-Cortez JS, Cabral GAL, de Jong B & Dent D (2016) Carbon sequestration potential of second-growth forest regeneration in the Latin American tropics. Science Advances, 2 (5), Art. No.: e1501639.
dc.rightsCopyright © 2016, The Authors This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.en_UK
dc.subjectbiomass accumulationen_UK
dc.subjectcarbon mitigationen_UK
dc.subjectforest regenerationen_UK
dc.subjectforest regrowthen_UK
dc.subjectsecondary forestsen_UK
dc.subjecttropical forestsen_UK
dc.titleCarbon sequestration potential of second-growth forest regeneration in the Latin American tropicsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleScience Advancesen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.description.notesAdditional co-authors: Julie S. Denslow, Saara J. DeWalt, Juan M. Dupuy, Sandra M. Durán, Mario M. Espírito-Santo, María C. Fandino, Ricardo G. César, Jefferson S. Hall, José Luis Hernández-Stefanoni, Catarina C. Jakovac, André B. Junqueira, Deborah Kennard, Susan G. Letcher, Madelon Lohbeck, Miguel Martínez-Ramos, Paulo Massoca, Jorge A. Meave, Rita Mesquita, Francisco Mora, Rodrigo Muñoz, Robert Muscarella, Yule R. F. Nunes, Susana Ochoa-Gaona, Edith Orihuela-Belmonte, Marielos Peña-Claros, Eduardo A. Pérez-García, Daniel Piotto, Jennifer S. Powers, Jorge Rodríguez-Velazquez, Isabel Eunice Romero-Pérez, Jorge Ruíz, Juan G. Saldarriaga, Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa, Naomi B. Schwartz, Marc K. Steininger, Nathan G. Swenson, Maria Uriarte, Michiel van Breugel, Hans van der Wal, Maria D. M. Veloso, Hans Vester, Ima Celia G. Vieira, Tony Vizcarra Bentos, G. Bruce Williamson, and Lourens Poorteren_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Connecticuten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Alabama (Tuscaloosa)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Connecticuten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationWageningen Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Alabama (Tuscaloosa)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Puerto Ricoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexicoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBrown Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Connecticuten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sao Pauloen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationYale Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationFederal University of Pernambucoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationFederal University of Pernambucoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEl Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorChazdon, Robin L|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBroadbent, Eben N|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRozendaal, Danae M A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBongers, Frans|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorAlmeyda Zambrano, Angelica Maria|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorAide, T Mitchell|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBalvanera, Patricia|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBecknell, Justin M|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBoukili, Vanessa|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBrancalion, Pedro H S|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCraven, Dylan J|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorAlmeida-Cortez, Jarcilene S|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCabral, George A L|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorde Jong, Ben|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDent, Daisy|0000-0002-1219-7344en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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