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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Palaeo-sea-level and palaeo-ice-sheet databases: problems, strategies, and perspectives
Author(s): Dusterhus, Andre
Rovere, Alessio
Carlson, Anders
Horton, Benjamin
Klemann, Volker
Tarasov, Lev
Barlow, Natasha
Bradwell, Tom
Clark, Jorie
Dutton, Andrea
Gehrels, W Roland
Hibbert, Fiona D
Hijma, Marc P
Khan, Nicole
Kopp, Robert E
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Issue Date: 11-Apr-2016
Citation: Dusterhus A, Rovere A, Carlson A, Horton B, Klemann V, Tarasov L, Barlow N, Bradwell T, Clark J, Dutton A, Gehrels WR, Hibbert FD, Hijma MP, Khan N & Kopp RE (2016) Palaeo-sea-level and palaeo-ice-sheet databases: problems, strategies, and perspectives, Climate of the Past, 12 (4), pp. 911-921.
Abstract: Sea-level and ice-sheet databases have driven numerous advances in understanding the Earth system. We describe the challenges and offer best strategies that can be adopted to build self-consistent and standardised databases of geological and geochemical information used to archive palaeo-sea-levels and palaeo-ice-sheets. There are three phases in the development of a database: (i)measurement, (ii)interpretation, and (iii)database creation. Measurement should include the objective description of the position and age of a sample, description of associated geological features, and quantification of uncertainties. Interpretation of the sample may have a subjective component, but it should always include uncertainties and alternative or contrasting interpretations, with any exclusion of existing interpretations requiring a full justification. During the creation of a database, an approach based on accessibility, transparency, trust, availability, continuity, completeness, and communication of content (ATTAC3) must be adopted. It is essential to consider the community that creates and benefits from a database. We conclude that funding agencies should not only consider the creation of original data in specific research-question-oriented projects, but also include the possibility of using part of the funding for IT-related and database creation tasks, which are essential to guarantee accessibility and maintenance of the collected data.
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Rights: © Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Notes: Additional co-authors: Dorit Sivan and Torbjörn E. Törnqvist

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