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Appears in Collections:Economics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Spatial heterogeneity of willingness to pay for forest management
Author(s): Czajkowski, Mikołaj
Budzinski, Wiktor
Campbell, Danny
Giergiczny, Marek
Hanley, Nick
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Keywords: discrete choice experiment
contingent valuation
willingness to pay
Spatial heterogeneity of preferences
forest management
passive protection
tourist infrastructure
mixed logit
Issue Date: Nov-2017
Citation: Czajkowski M, Budzinski W, Campbell D, Giergiczny M & Hanley N (2017) Spatial heterogeneity of willingness to pay for forest management, Environmental and Resource Economics, 68 (3), pp. 705-727.
Abstract: The paper investigates the spatial heterogeneity of public’s preferences for the implementation of a new country-wide forest management and protection program in Poland. Spatial econometric methods and high resolution geographical information system data related to forest characteristics are used to explain the variation in individual-specific willingness to pay (WTP) values, derived from a discrete choice experiment study. We find that respondents’ WTP is higher the closer they live to their nearest forest, and the scarcer forests are in the area where they live. Interestingly, the higher the ecological value of forests in respondents’ area, the more people prefer extending areas of national forest protection. We also investigate spatial patterns in individual-specific WTP scores and in latent class membership probabilities, finding that preferences are indeed spatially clustered. We argue that this clustering should be taken into account in forest management and policy-making.
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Rights: © The Author(s) 2016 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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