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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Effect of Partnership Status on Preferences for Facial Self-Resemblance
Author(s): Lindova, Jitka
Little, Anthony
Havlicek, Jan
Roberts, S Craig
Rubesova, Anna
Flegr, Jaroslav
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Keywords: self-resemblance
facial attractiveness
relationship status
mate choice
disassortative mating
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Date Deposited: 5-Jul-2016
Citation: Lindova J, Little A, Havlicek J, Roberts SC, Rubesova A & Flegr J (2016) Effect of Partnership Status on Preferences for Facial Self-Resemblance. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, Art. No.: 869.
Abstract: Self-resemblance has been found to have a context-dependent effect when expressing preferences for faces. Whereas dissimilarity preference during mate choice in animals is often explained as an evolutionary adaptation to increase heterozygosity of offspring, self-resemblance can be also favored in humans, reflecting, e.g., preference for kinship cues. We performed two studies, using transformations of facial photographs to manipulate levels of resemblance with the rater, to examine the influence of self resemblance in single vs. coupled individuals. Raters assessed facial attractiveness of other-sex and same sex photographs according to both short-term and long-term relationship contexts. We found a preference for dissimilarity of other-sex and same-sex faces in single individuals, but no effect of self-resemblance in coupled raters. No effect of sex of participant or short-term vs. long-term attractiveness rating was observed. The results support the evolutionary interpretation that dissimilarity of other-sex faces is preferred by uncoupled individuals as an adaptive mechanism to avoid inbreeding. In contrast, lower dissimilarity preference of other-sex faces in coupled individuals may reflect suppressed attention to attractiveness cues in potential alternative partners as a relationship maintenance mechanism, and its substitution by attention to cues of kinship and psychological similarity connected with greater likelihood of prosocial behavior acquisition from such persons.
DOI Link: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00869
Rights: © 2016 Lindová, Little, Havlíček, Roberts, Rubešová and Flegr. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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