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dc.contributor.authorRichards, Colin-
dc.contributor.authorJones, Andrew Meirion-
dc.contributor.authorMacSween, Ann-
dc.contributor.authorSheridan, Alison-
dc.contributor.authorDunbar, Elaine-
dc.contributor.authorReimer, Paula J-
dc.contributor.authorBayliss, Alex-
dc.contributor.authorGriffiths, Seren-
dc.contributor.authorWhittle, Alasdair-
dc.description.abstractRadiocarbon dating and Bayesian chronological modelling, undertaken as part of the investigation by the Times of Their Lives project into the development of Late Neolithic settlement and pottery in Orkney, has provided precise new dating for the Grooved Ware settlement of Barnhouse, excavated in 1985–91. Previous understandings of the site and its pottery are presented. A Bayesian model based on 70 measurements on 62 samples (of which 50 samples are thought to date accurately the deposits from which they were recovered) suggests that the settlement probably began in the later 32nd century cal BC (with Houses 2, 9, 3 and perhaps 5a), possibly as a planned foundation. Structure 8 – a large, monumental structure that differs in character from the houses – was probably built just after the turn of the millennium. Varied house durations and replacements are estimated. House 2 went out of use before the end of the settlement, and Structure 8 was probably the last element to be abandoned, probably during the earlier 29th century cal BC. The Grooved Ware pottery from the site is characterised by small, medium-sized, and large vessels with incised and impressed decoration, including a distinctive, false-relief, wavy-line cordon motif. A considerable degree of consistency is apparent in many aspects of ceramic design and manufacture over the use-life of the settlement, the principal change being the appearance, from c. 3025–2975 cal BC, of large coarse ware vessels with uneven surfaces and thick applied cordons, and of the use of applied dimpled circular pellets. The circumstances of new foundation of settlement in the western part of Mainland are discussed, as well as the maintenance and character of the site. The pottery from the site is among the earliest Grooved Ware so far dated. Its wider connections are noted, as well as the significant implications for our understanding of the timing and circumstances of the emergence of Grooved Ware, and the role of material culture in social strategies.en_UK
dc.publisherCambridge University Press-
dc.relationRichards C, Jones AM, MacSween A, Sheridan A, Dunbar E, Reimer PJ, Bayliss A, Griffiths S & Whittle A (2016) Settlement duration and materiality: formal chronological models for the development of Barnhouse, a Grooved Ware settlement in Orkney, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 82, pp. 193-225.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectRadiocarbon datingen_UK
dc.subjectBayesian chronological modellingen_UK
dc.subjectGrooved Wareen_UK
dc.subjectNeolithic settlementen_UK
dc.titleSettlement duration and materiality: formal chronological models for the development of Barnhouse, a Grooved Ware settlement in Orkneyen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitleProceedings of the Prehistoric Society-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Manchester-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Southampton-
dc.contributor.affiliationHistoric Scotland-
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Museums Scotland-
dc.contributor.affiliationScottish Universities Environmental Research Centre-
dc.contributor.affiliationQueen's University Belfast-
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciences-
dc.contributor.affiliationManchester Metropolitan University-
dc.contributor.affiliationCardiff University-
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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