|dc.description.abstract||Objective: Low self-control has been linked with smoking, yet it remains unclear whether childhood self-control underlies the emergence of lifetime smoking patterns. We examined the contribution of childhood self-control to early smoking initiation and smoking across adulthood. Methods: 21,132 participants were drawn from two nationally-representative cohort studies; the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS) and the 1958 National Child Development Study (NCDS). Child self-control was teacher-rated at age 10 in the BCS and at ages 7 and 11 in the NCDS. Participants reported their smoking status and number of cigarettes smoked per day at five time-points in the BCS (ages 26–42) and six time-points in the NCDS (ages 23–55). Both studies controlled for socioeconomic background, cognitive ability, psychological distress, gender, and parental smoking; the NCDS also controlled for an extended set of background characteristics.
Results: Early self-control made a substantial graded contribution to (not) smoking throughout life. In adjusted regression models, a 1-SD increase in self-control predicted a 6.9 percentage point lower probability of smoking in the BCS and this was replicated in the NCDS (5.2 point reduced risk). Adolescent smoking explained over half of the association between self-control and adult smoking. Childhood self-control was positively related to smoking cessation and negatively related to smoking initiation, relapse to smoking, and the number of cigarettes smoked in adulthood.
Conclusions: This study provides strong evidence that low childhood self-control predicts an increased risk of smoking throughout adulthood and points to adolescent smoking as a key pathway through which this may occur||en_UK|
|dc.publisher||American Psychological Association||-|
|dc.relation||Daly M, Egan M, Quigley J, Delaney L & Baumeister R (2016) Childhood self-control predicts smoking throughout life: Evidence from 21,000 cohort study participants, Health Psychology, 35 (11), pp. 1254-1263.||-|
|dc.rights||Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Forthcoming in Health Psychology by American Psychological Association. The original publication is available at:||-|
|dc.title||Childhood self-control predicts smoking throughout life: Evidence from 21,000 cohort study participants||en_UK|
|dc.type.status||Post-print (author final draft post-refereeing)||-|
|dc.contributor.affiliation||Management Work and Organisation||-|
|dc.contributor.affiliation||Florida State University||-|
|Appears in Collections:||Economics Journal Articles|