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dc.contributor.authorGarratt, Elisabeth Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorChandola, Taranien_UK
dc.contributor.authorPurdam, Kingsleyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWood, Alex Men_UK
dc.description.abstractPurpose  Parents face an increased risk of psychological distress compared with adults without children, and families with children also have lower average household incomes. Past research suggests that absolute income (material position) and income status (psychosocial position) influence psychological distress, but their combined effects on changes in psychological distress have not been examined. Whether absolute income interacts with income status to influence psychological distress are also key questions.  Methods  We used fixed-effects panel models to examine longitudinal associations between psychological distress (measured on the Kessler scale) and absolute income, distance from the regional mean income, and regional income rank (a proxy for status) using data from 29,107 parents included in the UK Millennium Cohort Study (2003-2012).  Results  Psychological distress was determined by an interaction between absolute income and income rank: higher absolutes income were associated with lower psychological distress across the income spectrum, while the benefits of higher income rank were evident only in the highest income parents. Parents’ psychological distress was therefore determined by a combination of income-related material and psychosocial factors.  Conclusions  Both material and psychosocial factors contribute to well-being. Higher absolute incomes were associated with lower psychological distress across the income spectrum, demonstrating the importance of material factors. Conversely, income status was associated with psychological distress only at higher absolute incomes, suggesting that psychosocial factors are more relevant to distress in more advantaged, higher-income parents. Clinical interventions could therefore consider both the material and psychosocial impacts of income on psychological distress.en_UK
dc.relationGarratt EA, Chandola T, Purdam K & Wood AM (2016) The Interactive Role of Income (material position) and Income Rank (psychosocial position) in Psychological Distress: A 9-year Longitudinal Study of 30,000 UK Parents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 51 (10), pp. 1361-1372.
dc.rightsThis item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository; The original publication is available at Springer via 10.1007/s00127-016-1255-yen_UK
dc.subjectHealth Inequalitiesen_UK
dc.subjectMental healthen_UK
dc.subjectRelative Incomeen_UK
dc.subjectRelative Ranken_UK
dc.subjectSocial Statusen_UK
dc.titleThe Interactive Role of Income (material position) and Income Rank (psychosocial position) in Psychological Distress: A 9-year Longitudinal Study of 30,000 UK Parentsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Garratt parents income rank.pdf] Publisher requires embargo of 12 months after formal publication.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiologyen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Manchesteren_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Manchesteren_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationManagement, Work and Organisationen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorGarratt, Elisabeth A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorChandola, Tarani|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPurdam, Kingsley|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorWood, Alex M|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameGarratt parents income rank.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles

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