Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Self-reported dominance in women: Associations with hormonal contraceptive use, relationship status, and testosterone
Author(s): Cobey, Kelly D
Nicholls, Mike J.
Leongomez, Juan David
Roberts, S Craig
Contact Email:
Keywords: Testosterone
Hormonal contraception
Relationship status
Self-reported Dominance
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Date Deposited: 19-Apr-2016
Citation: Cobey KD, Nicholls MJ, Leongomez JD & Roberts SC (2015) Self-reported dominance in women: Associations with hormonal contraceptive use, relationship status, and testosterone. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 1 (4), pp. 449-459.
Abstract: How to achieve dominance in a group is a recurrent challenge for individuals of many species, including humans. Previous research indicates that both relationship status and contraceptive use appear to moderate women’s testosterone levels. If testosterone contributes to dominance, this raises the possibility for group differences in dominance between single and partnered women, and between users and non-users of hormonal contraception. Here, we examine associations between relationship status and use/non-use of hormonal contraception and women’s self-reported social dominance. In a sample of 84 women, we replicate previous research documenting a significant positive correlation between women’s saliva testosterone levels and their self-reported dominance. Consistent with other literature, we also find that women using hormonal contraception have significantly lower testosterone than those who are regularly cycling and that partnered women have significantly lower testosterone than single women. Although we do not find a main effect of either relationship status or hormonal contraceptive use status on women’s reported levels of dominance, the interaction between these variables predicted reported dominance scores. This interaction remained significant when participant age and testosterone values were added to the model as covariates. We discuss these results in the context of the existing literature on testosterone and women’s dominance behaviour and with respect to the evolutionary benefits of social dominance in women.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s40750-015-0022-8
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, Volume 1, Issue 4 , pp 449-459 by Springer. The final publication is available at Springer via

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Cobey et al_2015.pdfFulltext - Accepted Version377.55 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.