|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Social Sciences Book Chapters and Sections|
|Title:||Communities, land-ownership, housing and planning: reflections from the Scottish experience|
|Citation:||Satsangi M (2014) Communities, land-ownership, housing and planning: reflections from the Scottish experience. In: Gallent N, Ciaffi D (ed.). Community action and planning: Contexts, drivers and outcomes, Bristol: Policy Press, pp. 117-130.|
|Abstract:||First paragraph: This book’s aims include positioning community-based action in different planning and local government contexts, enquiring into the conducive conditions for community-based action and asking how different systems are harnessing communities’ energies and with what effect. To contribute towards these aims, this chapter examines the traditions of activism and empowerment embodied in Scotland’s community land trust movement. The movement is particularly significant as it provides a clear alternative to the country’s dominant form of individual rural land ownership. Furthermore, the movement is seen as an important means of finding an answer to the ‘land question’, of diversifying ownership of the key resource that underpins rural development. The chapter looks at the Isle of Gigha Heritage Trust as an example of a community land trust, and comments on how it has developed its model of community governance and the forces of power at play. The circumstances that fostered the genesis of the movement are explored and factors behind the success of the movement are examined, looking at both structural issues and fortuitous combinations of circumstance and individual actors. The chapter brings out the reasons why community land trusts have significance in both debates in the literature and debates on the direction of policy.|
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