Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23102
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dc.contributor.authorGrainger, Catherineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Daviden_UK
dc.contributor.authorLind, Sophieen_UK
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-30T02:37:59Z-
dc.date.available2016-04-30T02:37:59Z-
dc.date.issued2014-08en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/23102-
dc.description.abstractMetacognition refers to cognition about cognition and encompasses both knowledge of cognitive processes and the ability to monitor and control one's own cognitions. The current study aimed to establish whether metacognition is impaired in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). According to some theories, the ability to represent one's own mental states (an aspect of metacognition) relies on the same mechanism as the ability to represent others' mental states ({''}mindreading{''}). Given numerous studies have shown mindreading is impaired in ASD, there is good reason to predict concurrent impairments in metacognition. Metacognition is most commonly explored in the context of memory, often by assessing people's ability to monitor their memory processes. The current study addressed the question of whether people with ASD have difficulty monitoring the contents of their memory (alongside impaired mindreading). Eighteen intellectually high-functioning adults with ASD and 18 IQ-and age-matched neurotypical adults participated. Metamemory monitoring ability and mindreading ability were assessed by using a feeling-of-knowing task and the ``animations{''} task, respectively. Participants also completed a self-report measure of metacognitive ability. In addition to showing impaired mindreading, participants with ASD made significantly less accurate feeling-of-knowing judgments than neurotypical adults, suggesting that metamemory monitoring (an aspect of metacognition) was impaired. Conversely, participants with ASD self-reported superior metacognitive abilities compared with those reported by neurotypical participants. This study provides evidence that individuals with ASD have metamemory monitoring impairments. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings for our current understanding of metacognition in ASD and typical development are discussed.}}}en_UK
dc.language.isoenen_UK
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationen_UK
dc.relationGrainger C, Williams D & Lind S (2014) Metacognition, Metamemory, and Mindreading in High-Functioning Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 123 (3), pp. 650-659. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036531.en_UK
dc.rightsPublisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Abnormal Psychology by the APA. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in Journal of Abnormal Psychology. It is not a copy of the record. The article can be accessed at: http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2014-25366-001/en_UK
dc.subjectautismen_UK
dc.subjectmetacognitionen_UK
dc.subjectmetamemoryen_UK
dc.subjectfeeling-of-knowingen_UK
dc.subjecttheory of minden_UK
dc.subjectmindreadingen_UK
dc.titleMetacognition, Metamemory, and Mindreading in High-Functioning Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorderen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.identifier.doi10.1037/a0036531en_UK
dc.identifier.pmid24955572en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleJournal of Abnormal Psychologyen_UK
dc.citation.issn1939-1846en_UK
dc.citation.issn0021-843Xen_UK
dc.citation.volume123en_UK
dc.citation.issue3en_UK
dc.citation.spage650en_UK
dc.citation.epage659en_UK
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublisheden_UK
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereeden_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.funderEconomic and Social Research Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.funderUniversity of Kenten_UK
dc.author.emailcatherine.grainger@stir.ac.uken_UK
dc.citation.conferencelocation750 FIRST ST NE, WASHINGTON, DC 20002-4242 USAen_UK
dc.citation.date23/06/2014en_UK
dc.publisher.address750 FIRST ST NE, WASHINGTON, DC 20002-4242 USAen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPsychologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Kenten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCity University Londonen_UK
dc.identifier.isi000344008000016en_UK
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-84905462047en_UK
dc.identifier.wtid572587en_UK
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0001-7506-6176en_UK
dc.date.accepted2014-02-26en_UK
dc.date.firstcompliantdepositdate2016-04-27en_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
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