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dc.contributor.authorWatts, Kevinen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFuentes-Montemayor, Elisaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMacgregor, Nicholasen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPeredo-Alvarez, Victoren_UK
dc.contributor.authorFerryman, Marken_UK
dc.contributor.authorBellamy, Chloeen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Nigelen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPark, Kirstyen_UK
dc.description.abstractNatural experiments have been proposed as a way of complementing manipulative experiments to improve ecological understanding and guide management. There is a pressing need for evidence from such studies to inform a shift to landscape-scale conservation, including the design of ecological networks. Although this shift has been widely embraced by conservation communities worldwide, the empirical evidence is limited and equivocal, and may be limiting effective conservation. We present principles for well-designed natural experiments to inform landscape-scale conservation and outline how they are being applied in the WrEN project, which is studying the effects of 160years of woodland creation on biodiversity in UK landscapes. We describe the study areas and outline the systematic process used to select suitable historical woodland creation sites based on key site- and landscape-scale variables – including size, age, and proximity to other woodland. We present the results of an analysis to explore variation in these variables across sites to test their suitability as a basis for a natural experiment. Our results confirm that this landscape satisfies the principles we have identified and provides an ideal study system for a long-term, large-scale natural experiment to explore how woodland biodiversity is affected by different site and landscape attributes. The WrEN sites are now being surveyed for a wide selection of species that are likely to respond differently to site- and landscape-scale attributes and at different spatial and temporal scales. The results from WrEN will help develop detailed recommendations to guide landscape-scale conservation, including the design of ecological networks. We also believe that the approach presented demonstrates the wider utility of well-designed natural experiments to improve our understanding of ecological systems and inform policy and practice.en_UK
dc.relationWatts K, Fuentes-Montemayor E, Macgregor N, Peredo-Alvarez V, Ferryman M, Bellamy C, Brown N & Park K (2016) Using historical woodland creation to construct a long-term, large-scale natural experiment: The WrEN project. Ecology and Evolution, 6 (9), pp. 312-3025.
dc.rights© 2016 Crown copyright. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_UK
dc.subjectEcological networksen_UK
dc.subjectlandscape-scale conservationen_UK
dc.subjectnatural experimenten_UK
dc.subjectwoodland creationen_UK
dc.subjectWrEN projecten_UK
dc.titleUsing historical woodland creation to construct a long-term, large-scale natural experiment: The WrEN projecten_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleEcology and Evolutionen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNatural Englanden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationForest Researchen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationForest Researchen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNatural Englanden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorWatts, Kevin|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFuentes-Montemayor, Elisa|0000-0002-5550-9432en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMacgregor, Nicholas|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPeredo-Alvarez, Victor|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFerryman, Mark|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBellamy, Chloe|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBrown, Nigel|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPark, Kirsty|0000-0001-6080-7197en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameWatts_et_al-2016-Ecology_and_Evolution (2).pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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