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|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Multi-domain training enhances attentional control|
|Author(s):||Binder, Julia C|
Shing, Yee Lee
healthy old age
|Citation:||Binder JC, Martin M, Zöllig J, Röcke C, Mérillat S, Eschen A, Jäncke L & Shing YL (2016) Multi-domain training enhances attentional control. Psychology and Aging, 31 (4), pp. 390-408. https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000081|
|Abstract:||Multi-domain cognitive training potentially increases the likelihood for an overlap in processing component with transfer tasks and everyday life, and hence is a promising training approach for older adults. To empirically test this, 84 healthy older adults aged 65 to 75 years were randomly assigned to one of three single-domain training conditions (inhibition, visuomotor function, spatial navigation) or to the simultaneous training of all three cognitive functions (multi-domain training condition). All participants trained on an iPad at home for 50 training sessions. Before and after the training, and at a six-month follow-up measurement, cognitive functioning and training transfer were assessed with a neuropsychological test battery including tests targeting the trained functions (near transfer) and transfer to executive functions (far transfer: attentional control, working memory, speed). Participants in all four training groups showed a linear increase in training performance over the 50 training sessions. Using a latent difference score model, the multi-domain training group, compared to the single-domain training groups, showed more improvement on the far transfer, executive attentional control composite. Individuals with initially lower baseline performance showed higher training-related improvements, indicating that training compensated for lower initial cognitive performance. At the six-month follow-up, performance on the cognitive test battery remained stable. This is one of the first studies that systematically investigated multi-domain training including comparable single-domain training conditions. Our findings suggest that multi-domain training enhances executive attentional control involved in handling several different tasks at the same time, an aspect in everyday life that is particularly challenging for older people.|
|Rights:||Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Psychology and Aging, Vol 31(4), Jun 2016, 390-408 by American Psychological Association. The original publication is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pag0000081|
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