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dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Lynn-
dc.contributor.authorRasmussen, Susan-
dc.contributor.authorKleczkowski, Adam-
dc.contributor.authorMaharaj, Savi-
dc.contributor.authorCairns, Nicole-
dc.description.abstractEpidemics of respiratory infectious disease remain one of the most serious health risks facing the population. Non-pharmaceutical interventions (e.g. hand-washing or wearing face masks) can have a significant impact on the course of an infectious disease epidemic. The current study investigated whether protection motivation theory (PMT) is a useful framework for understanding social distancing behaviour (i.e. the tendency to reduce social contacts) in response to a simulated infectious disease epidemic. There were 230 participants (109 males, 121 females, mean age 32.4years) from the general population who completed self-report measures assessing the components of PMT. In addition, participants completed a computer game which simulated an infectious disease epidemic in order to provide a measure of social distancing behaviour. The regression analyses revealed that none of the PMT variables were significant predictors of social distancing behaviour during the simulation task. However, fear (β=.218,p<.001), response efficacy (β=.175,p<.01) and self-efficacy (β=.251,p<.001) were all significant predictors of intention to engage in social distancing behaviour. Overall, the PMT variables (and demographic factors) explain 21.2% of the variance in intention. The findings demonstrated that PMT was a useful framework for understanding intention to engage in social distancing behaviour, but not actual behaviour during the simulated epidemic. These findings may reflect an intention-behaviour gap in relation to social distancing behaviour.en_UK
dc.publisherTaylor and Francis-
dc.relationWilliams L, Rasmussen S, Kleczkowski A, Maharaj S & Cairns N (2015) Protection motivation theory and social distancing behaviour in response to a simulated infectious disease epidemic, Psychology, Health and Medicine, 20 (7), pp. 832-837.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectinfectious diseaseen_UK
dc.subjectprotection motivationen_UK
dc.subjectsocial distancingen_UK
dc.titleProtection motivation theory and social distancing behaviour in response to a simulated infectious disease epidemicen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitlePsychology, Health and Medicine-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of the West of Scotland-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Strathclyde-
dc.contributor.affiliationMathematics - CSM Dept-
dc.contributor.affiliationComputing Science - CSM Dept-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Strathclyde-
Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles

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