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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Catchment land use effects on fluxes and concentrations of organic and inorganic nitrogen in streams
Author(s): Vogt, Esther
Braban, Christine F
Dragosits, Ulrike
Durand, Patrick
Sutton, Mark A
Theobald, Mark R
Rees, Robert M
McDonald, Chris
Murray, Scott
Billett, Michael
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Keywords: Nitrogen
Organic nitrogen
Stream export
Catchment flux
Land use
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Date Deposited: 28-Oct-2015
Citation: Vogt E, Braban CF, Dragosits U, Durand P, Sutton MA, Theobald MR, Rees RM, McDonald C, Murray S & Billett M (2015) Catchment land use effects on fluxes and concentrations of organic and inorganic nitrogen in streams. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 199, pp. 320-332.
Abstract: We present annual downstream fluxes and spatial variation in concentrations of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (NH4+and NO3−) and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in two adjacent Scottish catchments with contrasting land use (agricultural grassland vs. semi-natural moorland). Inter- and intra-catchment variation in N species and the relation to spatial differences in agricultural land use were studied by determining catchment N input through agricultural activities at the field scale and atmospheric inputs at a 25m grid resolution. The average agricultural N input of 52 kg N ha−1 yr−1 to the grassland catchment was more than 4 times higher than the input of 12 kg N ha−1 yr−1 to the moorland catchment, supplemented by 12.3 and 8.2 kg N ha−1 yr−1 through atmospheric deposition, respectively. The grassland catchment was associated with an annual downstream total dissolved nitrogen (TDN) flux of 14.4 kg N ha−1 yr−1, which was 66% higher than the flux of 8.7 kg ha−1 yr−1 from the moorland catchment. This difference was largely due to the NO3− flux being one order of magnitude higher in the grassland catchment. Dissolved organic N fluxes were similar for the two catchments (7.0 kg ha−1yr−1) with DON contributing 49% to the TDN flux in the grassland compared with 81% in the moorland catchment. The results highlight the importance of diffuse agricultural N inputs to stream NO3− concentrations and the importance of quantifying all the major aquatic N species for developing a better understanding of N transformations and transport in the atmosphere-soil-water system.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.agee.2014.10.010
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