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dc.contributor.authorFandakova, Yana-
dc.contributor.authorShing, Yee Lee-
dc.contributor.authorLindenberger, Ulman-
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the extent to which older adults' associative memory functioning can be modified through instruction and practice based on individuals' memory status. Here 42 younger adults and 42 older adults performed four tasks that measured strategic and binding aspects of memory. With latent class analysis, two classes of older adults were identified. The first class showed higher memory functioning similar to younger adults, while the second class was characterised by lower memory functioning. A subsequent analysis examined whether the high- and low-performing older adults differ in patterns of gain from receiving instruction and practice on a mnemonic strategy. The results revealed that high-performing older adults, similar to younger adults, showed higher associative memory performance under explicit intentional encoding instruction and after extensive practice of the strategy. In contrast, low-performing older adults benefited more from directed instruction of the strategy. The results are discussed in relation to individual differences in the functional status of mechanisms underlying memory functioning, and how these differences may lead to compensation or magnification of training gain. The present findings highlight the importance of considering differential memory processes to develop specific training paradigms that target the processes that show the most prominent decline.en_UK
dc.publisherTaylor and Francis-
dc.relationFandakova Y, Shing YL & Lindenberger U (2012) Heterogeneity in memory training improvement among older adults: A latent class analysis, Memory, 20 (6), pp. 554-567.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectEpisodic memoryen_UK
dc.subjectIndividual differencesen_UK
dc.titleHeterogeneity in memory training improvement among older adults: A latent class analysisen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Human Development-
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Human Development-
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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