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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The influence of prior knowledge on memory: A developmental cognitive neuroscience perspective
Author(s): Brod, Garvin
Werkle-Bergner, Markus
Shing, Yee Lee
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Keywords: lifespan development
child development
medial prefrontal cortex
semantic memory
prior knowledge
lateral prefrontal cortex
episodic memory
Issue Date: 8-Oct-2013
Date Deposited: 29-Sep-2015
Citation: Brod G, Werkle-Bergner M & Shing YL (2013) The influence of prior knowledge on memory: A developmental cognitive neuroscience perspective. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, Art. No.: 139.
Abstract: Across ontogenetic development, individuals gather manifold experiences during which they detect regularities in their environment and thereby accumulate knowledge. This knowledge is used to guide behavior, make predictions, and acquire further new knowledge. In this review, we discuss the influence of prior knowledge on memory from both the psychology and the emerging cognitive neuroscience literature and provide a developmental perspective on this topic. Recent neuroscience findings point to a prominent role of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and of the hippocampus (HC) in the emergence of prior knowledge and in its application during the processes of successful memory encoding, consolidation, and retrieval. We take the lateral PFC into consideration as well and discuss changes in both medial and lateral PFC and HC across development and postulate how these may be related to the development of the use of prior knowledge for remembering. For future direction, we argue that, to measure age differential effects of prior knowledge on memory, it is necessary to distinguish the availability of prior knowledge from its accessibility and use.
DOI Link: 10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00139
Rights: © 2013 Brod, Werkle-Bergner and Shing. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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