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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Associative and Strategic Components of Episodic Memory: A Life-Span Dissociation
Author(s): Shing, Yee Lee
Werkle-Bergner, Markus
Li, Shu-Chen
Lindenberger, Ulman
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Keywords: episodic memory
cognitive control
child development
life-span development
Issue Date: Aug-2008
Date Deposited: 29-Sep-2015
Citation: Shing YL, Werkle-Bergner M, Li S & Lindenberger U (2008) Associative and Strategic Components of Episodic Memory: A Life-Span Dissociation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 137 (3), pp. 495-513.
Abstract: The authors investigated the strategic component (i.e., elaboration and organization of episodic features) and the associative component (i.e., binding processes) of episodic memory and their interactions in 4 age groups (10-12, 13-15, 20-25, and 70-75 years of age). On the basis of behavioral and neural evidence, the authors hypothesized that the two components are functionally related but follow different life-span gradients. In a fully crossed design, age differences in recognition memory for single words versus word pairs (associative demand manipulation) were examined under instructions that emphasized item, pair, or elaborative-pair encoding (strategy manipulation). As predicted, the results showed that the strategic and associative components follow different life-span trajectories. Relative to younger adults, children's difficulties in episodic memory primarily reflected lower levels of strategic functioning. In contrast, older adults showed impairments in both strategic and associative components. The authors conclude that the comparison of strategic and associative components of episodic memory across the life span helps to delineate the two components' unique and interactive contributions to episodic memory performance.
DOI Link: 10.1037/0096-3445.137.3.495
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