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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Differences in binding and monitoring mechanisms contribute to lifespan age differences in false memory
Author(s): Fandakova, Yana
Shing, Yee Lee
Lindenberger, Ulman
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Keywords: aging
child development
episodic memory
false memory
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Date Deposited: 29-Sep-2015
Citation: Fandakova Y, Shing YL & Lindenberger U (2013) Differences in binding and monitoring mechanisms contribute to lifespan age differences in false memory. Developmental Psychology, 49 (10), pp. 1822-1832.
Abstract: Based on a 2-component framework of episodic memory development across the lifespan (Shing & Lindenberger, 2011), we examined the contribution of memory-related binding and monitoring processes to false memory susceptibility in childhood and old age. We administered a repeated continuous recognition task to children (N = 20, 10-12 years), younger adults (N = 20, 20-27 years), and older adults (N = 21, 68-76 years). Participants saw the same set of unrelated word pairs in 3 consecutive runs and their task was to identify pair reoccurrences within runs. Across runs, correct detection of repeated pairs decreased in children only, whereas false recognition of lure pairs showed a greater increase in older adults than in children or younger adults. False recognition of rearranged pairs decreased across runs for all participants. This decrease was most pronounced in children, in particular for high-confidence memory errors. We conclude that memory binding mechanisms are sufficiently developed in children to facilitate memory monitoring and reduce false memory for associative information. In contrast, older adults show senescent impairments in both binding and monitoring mechanisms that both contribute to elevated illusory recollections in old age. We conclude that binding and monitoring processes during memory performance follow different developmental trajectories from childhood to old age.
DOI Link: 10.1037/a0031361
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