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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Age differences in short-term memory binding are related to working memory performance across the lifespan
Author(s): Fandakova, Yana
Sander, Myriam C
Werkle-Bergner, Markus
Shing, Yee Lee
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Keywords: STM
working memory
child development
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Date Deposited: 29-Sep-2015
Citation: Fandakova Y, Sander MC, Werkle-Bergner M & Shing YL (2014) Age differences in short-term memory binding are related to working memory performance across the lifespan. Psychology and Aging, 29 (1), pp. 140-149.
Abstract: Memory performance increases during childhood and adolescence, and decreases in old age. Among younger adults, better ability to bind items to the context in which they were experienced is associated with higher working memory performance (Oberauer, 2005). Here, we examined the extent to which age differences in binding contribute to life span age differences in short-term memory (STM). Younger children (N = 85; 10 to 12 years), teenagers (N = 41; 13 to 15 years), younger adults (N = 84; 20 to 25 years), and older adults (N = 86; 70 to 75 years) worked on global and local short-term recognition tasks that are assumed to measure item and item-context memory, respectively. Structural equation models showed that item-context bindings are functioning less well in children and older adults compared with younger adults and teenagers. This result suggests protracted development of the ability to form and recollect detailed short-term memories, and decline of this ability in aging. Across all age groups, better item-context binding was associated with higher working memory performance, indicating that developmental differences in binding mechanisms are closely related to working memory development in childhood and old age.
DOI Link: 10.1037/a0035347
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