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dc.contributor.authorWhitehorn, Penelope Ren_UK
dc.contributor.authorTinsley, M Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Mark J Fen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGoulson, Daveen_UK
dc.description.abstractThe use of commercial bumble bees for crop pollination has been implicated in the decline of wild bumble bees through the spread of pathogens. This study investigates whether diseases from commercial bumble bees threaten native species in the UK. We sampled bumble bees from ten soft fruit farms: five that deploy commercial Bombus terrestris and five that do not. Each farm was visited monthly throughout the summer and workers of B. terrestris, B. pratorum, B. pascuorum and B. lapidarius were captured. The faeces of these bees were inspected for the gut microparasites Crithidia spp., Nosema bombi and Apicystis bombi. Prevalence was defined as the proportion of individuals infected and abundance was defined as the number of pathogen cells per volume of bumble bee faeces. The prevalence of A. bombi and N. bombi was too low to analyse. The prevalence and abundance of Crithidia spp. was significantly different among bumble bee species. Overall, the prevalence of Crithidia spp. was initially lower on farms deploying commercial bumble bees, possibly due to a dilution effect caused by the high density of imported bees. Crithidia spp. prevalence in Bombus terrestris, however, rose sharply on commercial farms at the end of the season. One potential explanation is that commercial bumble bees contract the local pathogen, which is then rapidly transmitted among them due to the high bee density. Whilst our data provide no evidence of pathogen spillover to wild species, it would be premature to conclude with certainty that commercial colonies do not represent a disease risk to native bees in the UK and we urge further studies into this phenomenon.en_UK
dc.relationWhitehorn PR, Tinsley MC, Brown MJF & Goulson D (2013) Investigating the impact of deploying commercial Bombus terrestris for crop pollination on pathogen dynamics in wild bumble bees. Journal of Apicultural Research, 52 (3), pp. 149-157.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectpathogen spilloveren_UK
dc.subjectCrithidia spp.en_UK
dc.subjectNosema bombien_UK
dc.subjectApicystis bombien_UK
dc.subjectsoft fruit pollinationen_UK
dc.titleInvestigating the impact of deploying commercial Bombus terrestris for crop pollination on pathogen dynamics in wild bumble beesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Whitehorn et al 13.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleJournal of Apicultural Researchen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderNatural Environment Research Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Londonen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.relation.funderprojectResearch Studentship (Algorithm) Miss Penelope Ruth Whitehornen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorWhitehorn, Penelope R|0000-0001-9852-1012en_UK
local.rioxx.authorTinsley, M C|0000-0002-7715-1259en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBrown, Mark J F|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorGoulson, Dave|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectNE/F001945/1|Natural Environment Research Council|
local.rioxx.filenameWhitehorn et al 13.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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