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dc.contributor.authorDe Luca, Paul Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCox, Darryl Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorVallejo-Marín, Marioen_UK
dc.description.abstractBees produce vibrations in many contexts, including for defense and while foraging. Buzz pollination is a unique foraging behavior in which bees vibrate the anthers of flowers to eject pollen which is then collected and used as food. The relationships between buzzing properties and pollen release are well understood, but it is less clear to what extent buzzing vibrations vary among species, even though such information is crucial to understanding the functional relationships between bees and buzz-pollinated plants. Our goals in this study were (1) to examine whether pollination buzzes differ from those produced during defense, (2) to evaluate the similarity of buzzes between different species of bumblebees (Bombus spp.), and (3) to determine if body size affects the expression of buzzing properties. We found that relative peak amplitude, peak frequency, and duration were significantly different between species, but only relative peak amplitude differed between pollination and defensive buzzes. There were significant interactions between species and buzz type for peak frequency and duration, revealing that species differed in their patterns of expression in these buzz properties depending on the context. The only parameter affected by body size was duration, with larger bees producing shorter buzzes. Our findings suggest that although pollination and defensive buzzes differ in some properties, variability in buzz structure also exhibits a marked species-specific component. Species differences in pollination buzzes may have important implications for foraging preferences in bumblebees, especially if bees select flowers best matched to release pollen for their specific buzzing characteristics.en_UK
dc.relationDe Luca PA, Cox DA & Vallejo-Marín M (2014) Comparison of pollination and defensive buzzes in bumblebees indicates species-specific and context-dependent vibrations. Naturwissenschaften, 101 (4), pp. 331-338.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectBody sizeen_UK
dc.subjectBuzz pollinationen_UK
dc.subjectDefensive buzzesen_UK
dc.subjectPollen foragingen_UK
dc.titleComparison of pollination and defensive buzzes in bumblebees indicates species-specific and context-dependent vibrationsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[De Luca et al_Naturwissenschaften_2014.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationIthaca Collegeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorDe Luca, Paul A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCox, Darryl A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorVallejo-Marín, Mario|0000-0002-5663-8025en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameDe Luca et al_Naturwissenschaften_2014.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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