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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Developmentally distinct gaze processing systems: Luminance versus geometric cues
Author(s): Doherty, Martin
McIntyre, Alex H
Langton, Stephen
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Keywords: Gaze processing
Child development
Luminance gaze cues
Geometrical gaze cues
Theory of mind
Issue Date: Apr-2015
Date Deposited: 13-Apr-2015
Citation: Doherty M, McIntyre AH & Langton S (2015) Developmentally distinct gaze processing systems: Luminance versus geometric cues. Cognition, 137, pp. 72-80.
Abstract: Two experiments examined how the different cues to gaze direction contribute to children’s abilities to follow and make explicit judgments about gaze. In each study participants were shown blurred images of faces containing only luminance cues to gaze direction, line-drawn images containing only fine-grained detail supporting a geometric analysis of gaze direction, and unmanipulated images. In Experiment 1a, 2- and 3- year olds showed gaze-cued orienting of attention in response to unmanipulated and blurred faces, but not line-drawn faces. Adult participants showed cueing effects to line drawn faces as well as the other two types of face cue in Experiment 1b. In Experiment 2, 2-year-olds were poor at judging toward which of four objects blurred and line-drawn faces were gazing, whereas 3- and 4-year-olds performed above chance with these faces. All age groups performed above chance with unmanipulated images. These findings are consistent with an early-developing luminance-based mechanism, which supports gaze following, but which cannot initially support explicit judgments, and a later-developing mechanism, additionally using geometric cues in the eye, which supports explicit judgments about gaze.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.01.001
Rights: Published in Cognition by Elsevier; Elsevier believes that individual authors should be able to distribute their AAMs for their personal voluntary needs and interests, e.g. posting to their websites or their institution’s repository, e-mailing to colleagues. However, our policies differ regarding the systematic aggregation or distribution of AAMs to ensure the sustainability of the journals to which AAMs are submitted. Therefore, deposit in, or posting to, subject-oriented or centralized repositories (such as PubMed Central), or institutional repositories with systematic posting mandates is permitted only under specific agreements between Elsevier and the repository, agency or institution, and only consistent with the publisher’s policies concerning such repositories. Voluntary posting of AAMs in the arXiv subject repository is permitted.

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