Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/21328
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dc.contributor.authorBurriss, Robert-
dc.contributor.authorLittle, Anthony-
dc.contributor.authorNelson, Emma C-
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-17T23:25:34Z-
dc.date.issued2007-06-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/21328-
dc.description.abstractThe second-to-fourth-digit ratio (2D:4D) may be related to prenatal testosterone and estrogen levels and pubertal face growth. Several studies have recently provided evidence that 2D:4D is associated with other-rated facial masculinity and dominance, but not with facialmetric measures of masculinity. We found that localized face shape differences, shown here to be sexually dimorphic and related to ratings of dominance, were associated with direct and indirect measurements of 2D:4D. In this study we examined various localized features of the face, showing nose width, jaw angle, and lip height to be sexually dimorphic. We then had faces rated for dominance and saw that the most dimorphic characteristics were those most associated with rated dominance, with typically masculine characteristics tending to be associated with high ratings of dominance. Finally, 2D:4D measurements were made using three different techniques. High (feminine) values of 2D:4D were associated with feminine facial characteristics in women, but not in men. It was concluded that certain aspects of facial development are governed by factors that are established prenatally. These aspects may be associated with perceptions of the self by others that are important in the social environment, particularly in terms of intra-sexual competition and mate acquisition.en_UK
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisherSpringer-
dc.relationBurriss R, Little A & Nelson EC (2007) 2D:4D and Sexually Dimorphic Facial Characteristics, Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36 (3), pp. 377-384.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subject2D:4Den_UK
dc.subjectDigit ratioen_UK
dc.subjectDominanceen_UK
dc.subjectFaceen_UK
dc.subjectMasculinityen_UK
dc.subjectSexually dimorphicen_UK
dc.title2D:4D and Sexually Dimorphic Facial Characteristicsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargodate2999-12-31T00:00:00Z-
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-006-9136-1-
dc.citation.jtitleArchives of Sexual Behavior-
dc.citation.issn0004-0002-
dc.citation.volume36-
dc.citation.issue3-
dc.citation.spage377-
dc.citation.epage384-
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublished-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.author.emailanthony.little@stir.ac.uk-
dc.contributor.affiliationPsychology-
dc.contributor.affiliationPsychology-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Liverpool-
dc.rights.embargoterms2999-12-31-
dc.rights.embargoliftdate2999-12-31-
dc.identifier.isi000247381300006-
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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