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dc.contributor.authorWilkie, David S-
dc.contributor.authorStarkey, Malcolm-
dc.contributor.authorAbernethy, Katharine-
dc.contributor.authorNsame, Effa Ernestine-
dc.contributor.authorTelfer, Paul-
dc.contributor.authorGodoy, Ricardo-
dc.description.abstractUnsustainable hunting of wildlife for food is often a more immediate and significant threat to the conservation of biological diversity in tropical forests than deforestation. Why people eat wildlife is debated. Some may eat bushmeat because they can afford it; others may eat it because it is familiar, traditional, confers prestige, tastes good, or adds variety. We completed a survey of 1208 rural and urban households in Gabon, Africa, in 2002-2003 to estimate the effect of wealth and prices on the consumption of wildlife and other sources of animal protein. Consumption of bushmeat, fish, chicken, and livestock increased with increasing household wealth, and as the price of these commodities rose, consumption declined. Although the prices of substitutes for bushmeat did not significantly, in statistical terms, influence bushmeat consumption, as the price of wildlife increased and its consumption fell, the consumption of fish rose, indicating that fish and bushmeat were dietary substitutes. Our results suggest that policy makers can use economic levers such as taxation or supply reduction through better law enforcement to change demand for wildlife. These measures will help to regulate unsustainable exploitation and reduce the risk of irreversible loss of large-bodied and slow-reproducing wildlife species. If policy makers focus solely on reducing the unsustainable consumption of wildlife, they may see adverse impacts on the exploitation of fish. Furthermore, policy makers must ensure that raising household wealth through development assistance does not result in undesirable impacts on the conservation status of wildlife and fish.en_UK
dc.relationWilkie DS, Starkey M, Abernethy K, Nsame Effa E, Telfer P & Godoy R (2005) Role of prices and wealth in consumer demand for bushmeat in Gabon, central Africa, Conservation Biology, 19 (1), pp. 268-274.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectbushmeat tradeen_UK
dc.subjectwildlife conservationen_UK
dc.subjectwildlife consumptionen_UK
dc.titleRole of prices and wealth in consumer demand for bushmeat in Gabon, central Africaen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitleConservation Biology-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationWildlife Conservation Society, North America-
dc.contributor.affiliationWildlife Conservation Society, North America-
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciences-
dc.contributor.affiliationMinistry of Forestry, Economy, Waters, Fisheries and National Parks-
dc.contributor.affiliationWildlife Conservation Society, North America-
dc.contributor.affiliationBrandeis University-
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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