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dc.contributor.authorCaldwell, Christine Anna-
dc.contributor.authorMillen, Ailsa E.-
dc.description.abstractCumulative cultural evolution has been suggested to account for key cognitive and behavioral attributes which distinguish modern humans from our anatomically similar ancestors, but researchers have yet to establish which cognitive mechanisms are responsible for this kind of learning, and whether these are unique to humans. We have shown that human participants’ cumulative learning is not always reliant on sources of social information commonly assumed to be essential. Seven hundred participants were organized into seventy microsocieties, and completed a task involving building a paper airplane. We manipulated the availability of opportunities for: imitation (reproducing actions); emulation (reproducing end results); and teaching. Each was independently sufficient for participants to show cumulative learning. Since emulative learning can elicit cumulative culture on this task, we conclude that accounts of the unusual complexity of human culture in terms of species-unique learning mechanisms do not currently provide complete explanations, and other factors may be involved.en_UK
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell / Association for Psychological Science-
dc.relationCaldwell CA & Millen AE (2009) Social learning mechanisms and cumulative cultural evolution: is imitation necessary?, Psychological Science, 20 (12), pp. 1478-1483.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectsocial learningen_UK
dc.subjectcumulative cultureen_UK
dc.subjectcultural evolutionen_UK
dc.subject.lcshCulture Origin-
dc.subject.lcshPrimates Behavior-
dc.subject.lcshSocial behavior in animals-
dc.titleSocial learning mechanisms and cumulative cultural evolution: is imitation necessary?en_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitlePsychological Science-
dc.type.statusPost-print (author final draft post-refereeing)-
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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