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dc.contributor.authorJones, David Len_UK
dc.contributor.authorCross, Paulen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWithers, Paul J Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDeLuca, Thomas Hen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, David Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorQuilliam, Richarden_UK
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Ian Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorChadwick, David Ren_UK
dc.contributor.authorEdwards-Jones, Garethen_UK
dc.description.abstract1. The Green Revolution successfully increased food production but in doing so created a legacy of inherently leaky and unsustainable agricultural systems. Central to this are the problems of excessive nutrient mining. If agriculture is to balance the needs of food security with the delivery of other ecosystem services, then current rates of soil nutrient stripping must be reduced and the use of synthetic fertilisers made more efficient. 2. We explore the global extent of the problem, with specific emphasis on the failure of macronutrient management (e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus) to deliver continued improvements in yield and the failure of agriculture to recognise the seriousness of micronutrient depletion (e.g. copper, zinc, selenium). 3. Nutrient removals associated with the relatively immature, nutrient-rich soils of the UK are contrasted with the mature, nutrient-poor soils of India gaining insight into the emerging issue of nutrient stripping and the long-term implications for human health and soil quality. Whilst nutrient deficiencies are rare in developed countries, micronutrient deficiencies are commonly increasing in less-developed countries. Increasing rates of micronutrient depletion are being inadvertently accomplished through increasing crop yield potential and nitrogen fertiliser applications. 4. Amongst other factors, the spatial disconnects caused by the segregation and industrialisation of livestock systems, between rural areas (where food is produced) and urban areas (where food is consumed and human waste treated) are identified as a major constraint to sustainable nutrient recycling. 5. Synthesis and applications. This study advocates that agricultural sustainability can only be accomplished using a whole-systems approach that thoroughly considers nutrient stocks, removals, exports and recycling. Society needs to socially and environmentally re-engineer agricultural systems at all scales. It is suggested that this will be best realised by national-scale initiatives. Failure to do so will lead to an inevitable and rapid decline in the delivery of provisioning services within agricultural systems.en_UK
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell for the British Ecological Societyen_UK
dc.relationJones DL, Cross P, Withers PJA, DeLuca TH, Robinson DA, Quilliam R, Harris IM, Chadwick DR & Edwards-Jones G (2013) REVIEW: Nutrient stripping: The global disparity between food security and soil nutrient stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology, 50 (4), pp. 851-862.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectagro-ecosystem functioningen_UK
dc.subjectGreen Revolutionen_UK
dc.subjectwater qualityen_UK
dc.titleREVIEW: Nutrient stripping: The global disparity between food security and soil nutrient stocksen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[JAE 2013.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleJournal of Applied Ecologyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBangor Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBangor Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBangor Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBangor Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBangor Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBangor Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBangor Universityen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorJones, David L|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCross, Paul|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorWithers, Paul J A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDeLuca, Thomas H|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRobinson, David A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorQuilliam, Richard|0000-0001-7020-4410en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHarris, Ian M|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorChadwick, David R|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorEdwards-Jones, Gareth|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameJAE 2013.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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