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dc.contributor.authorKirby, Howard Ren_UK
dc.contributor.authorHutton, Barryen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMcQuaid, Ronalden_UK
dc.contributor.authorRaeside, Roberten_UK
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xiayoanen_UK
dc.description.abstractThe paper provides an overview of the main features of a Vehicle Market Model (VMM) which estimates changes to vehicle stock/kilometrage, fuel consumed and CO2 emitted. It is disaggregated into four basic vehicle types. The model includes: the trends in fuel consumption of new cars, including the role of fuel price; a sub-model to estimate the fuel consumption of vehicles on roads characterised by user-defined driving cycle regimes; procedures that reflect distribution of traffic across different area/road types; and the ability to vary the speed (or driving cycle) from one year to another, or as a result of traffic growth. The most significant variable influencing fuel consumption of vehicles was consumption in the previous year, followed by dummy variables related to engine size, the time trend (a proxy for technological improvements), and then fuel price. Indeed the effect of fuel price on car fuel efficiency was observed to be insignificant (at the 95% level) in two of the three versions of the model, and the size of fuel price term was also the smallest. This suggests that the effectiveness of using fuel prices as a direct policy tool to reduce fuel consumption may be limited. Fuel prices may have significant indirect impacts (such as influencing people to purchase more fuel efficient cars and vehicle manufacturers to invest in developing fuel efficient technology) as may other factors such as the threat of legislation.en_UK
dc.relationKirby HR, Hutton B, McQuaid R, Raeside R & Zhang X (2000) Modelling the effects of transport policy levers on fuel efficiency and national fuel consumption. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 5 (4), pp. 265-282.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.titleModelling the effects of transport policy levers on fuel efficiency and national fuel consumptionen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[TR Part D 2000.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environmenten_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEdinburgh Napier Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEdinburgh Napier Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationManagement, Work and Organisationen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEdinburgh Napier Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEdinburgh Napier Universityen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorKirby, Howard R|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHutton, Barry|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMcQuaid, Ronald|0000-0002-5342-7097en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRaeside, Robert|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorZhang, Xiayoan|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameTR Part D 2000.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles

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