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dc.contributor.authorKuhn, Jens Hen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBao, Yimingen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBavari, Sinaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBecker, Stephanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBradfute, Stevenen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBrister, J Rodneyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBukreyev, Alexander Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorChandran, Kartiken_UK
dc.contributor.authorDavey, Robert Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDolnik, Olgaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDye, John Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorEnterlein, Svenen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHensley, Lisa Een_UK
dc.contributor.authorHonko, Anna Nen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWeidmann, Manfreden_UK
dc.description.abstractThe task of international expert groups is to recommend the classification and naming of viruses. The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses Filoviridae Study Group and other experts have recently established an almost consistent classification and nomenclature for filoviruses. Here, further guidelines are suggested to include their natural genetic variants. First, this term is defined. Second, a template for full-length virus names (such as "Ebola virus H.sapiens-tc/COD/1995/Kikwit-9510621") is proposed. These names contain information on the identity of the virus (e.g., Ebola virus), isolation host (e.g., members of the species Homo sapiens), sampling location (e.g., Democratic Republic of the Congo (COD)), sampling year, genetic variant (e.g., Kikwit), and isolate (e.g., 9510621). Suffixes are proposed for individual names that clarify whether a given genetic variant has been characterized based on passage zero material (-wt), has been passaged in tissue/cell culture (-tc), is known from consensus sequence fragments only (-frag), or does (most likely) not exist anymore (-hist). We suggest that these comprehensive names are to be used specifically in the methods section of publications. Suitable abbreviations, also proposed here, could then be used throughout the text, while the full names could be used again in phylograms, tables, or figures if the contained information aids the interpretation of presented data. The proposed system is very similar to the well-known influenzavirus nomenclature and the nomenclature recently proposed for rotaviruses. If applied consistently, it would considerably simplify retrieval of sequence data from electronic databases and be a first important step toward a viral genome annotation standard as sought by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Furthermore, adoption of this nomenclature would increase the general understanding of filovirus-related publications and presentations and improve figures such as phylograms, alignments, and diagrams. Most importantly, it would counter the increasing confusion in genetic variant naming due to the identification of ever more sequences through technological breakthroughs in high-throughput sequencing and environmental sampling.en_UK
dc.relationKuhn JH, Bao Y, Bavari S, Becker S, Bradfute S, Brister JR, Bukreyev AA, Chandran K, Davey RA, Dolnik O, Dye JM, Enterlein S, Hensley LE, Honko AN & Weidmann M (2013) Virus nomenclature below the species level: a standardized nomenclature for natural variants of viruses assigned to the family Filoviridae. Archives of Virology, 158 (1), pp. 301-311.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.titleVirus nomenclature below the species level: a standardized nomenclature for natural variants of viruses assigned to the family Filoviridaeen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Archives of Virology 2013b.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleArchives of Virologyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.description.notesAdditional co-authors: Peter B. Jahrling, Karl M. Johnson, Gary Kobinger, Eric M. Leroy, Mark S. Lever, Elke Mühlberger, Sergey V. Netesov, Gene G. Olinger, Gustavo Palacios, Jean L. Patterson, Janusz T. Paweska, Louise Pitt, Sheli R. Radoshitzky, Erica Ollmann Saphire, Sophie J. Smither, Robert Swanepoel, Jonathan S. Towner, Guido van der Groen, Viktor E. Volchkov, Victoria Wahl-Jensen, Travis K. Warren, Stuart T. Nicholen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Institutes of Health (US)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Institutes of Health (US)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUnited States (US) Army - Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseasesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPhilipps University of Marburgen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of New Mexico, USAen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Institutes of Health (US)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Texas Medical Branchen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationAlbert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationTexas Biomedical Research Instituteen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPhilipps University of Marburgen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUnited States (US) Army - Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseasesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationIntegrated BioTherapeutics Incen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationFood and Drug Administration, USAen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUnited States (US) Army - Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseasesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Aquacultureen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorKuhn, Jens H|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBao, Yiming|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBavari, Sina|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBecker, Stephan|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBradfute, Steven|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBrister, J Rodney|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBukreyev, Alexander A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorChandran, Kartik|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDavey, Robert A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDolnik, Olga|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDye, John M|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorEnterlein, Sven|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHensley, Lisa E|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHonko, Anna N|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorWeidmann, Manfred|0000-0002-7063-7491en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameArchives of Virology 2013b.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles

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