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dc.contributor.authorOliver, Daviden_UK
dc.contributor.authorVan Niekerk, Melanieen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKay, Daviden_UK
dc.contributor.authorHeathwaite, A Louiseen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPorter, Jonathanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFleming, Lora Een_UK
dc.contributor.authorKinzelman, Julieen_UK
dc.contributor.authorConnolly, Elaineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCummins, Andyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMcPhail, Calumen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRahman, Amannaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorThairs, Teden_UK
dc.contributor.authorde Roda Husman, Ana Mariaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHanley, Nicholasen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDunhill, Ianen_UK
dc.contributor.authorQuilliam, Richarden_UK
dc.description.abstractThe debate over the suitability of molecular biological methods for the enumeration of regulatory microbial parameters (e.g. Faecal Indicator Organisms [FIOs]) in bathing waters versus the use of traditional culture-based methods is of current interest to regulators and the science community. Culture-based methods require a 24-48 hour turn-around time from receipt at the laboratory to reporting, whilst quantitative molecular tools provide a more rapid assay (approximately 2-3 h). Traditional culturing methods are therefore often viewed as slow and ‘out-dated', although they still deliver an internationally ‘accepted' evidence-base. In contrast, molecular tools have the potential for rapid analysis and their operational utility and associated limitations and uncertainties should be assessed in light of their use for regulatory monitoring. Here we report on the recommendations from a series of international workshops, chaired by a UK Working Group (WG) comprised of scientists, regulators, policy makers and other stakeholders, which explored and interrogated both molecular (principally quantitative polymerase chain reaction [qPCR]) and culture-based tools for FIO monitoring under the European Bathing Water Directive. Through detailed analysis of policy implications, regulatory barriers, stakeholder engagement, and the needs of the end-user, the WG identified a series of key concerns that require critical appraisal before a potential shift from culture-based approaches to the employment of molecular biological methods for bathing water regulation could be justified.en_UK
dc.relationOliver D, Van Niekerk M, Kay D, Heathwaite AL, Porter J, Fleming LE, Kinzelman J, Connolly E, Cummins A, McPhail C, Rahman A, Thairs T, de Roda Husman AM, Hanley N, Dunhill I & Quilliam R (2014) Opportunities and limitations of molecular methods for quantifying microbial compliance parameters in EU bathing waters. Environment International, 64, pp. 124-128.
dc.rightsAccepted refereed manuscript of: Oliver D, Van Niekerk M, Kay D, et al (2014) Opportunities and limitations of molecular methods for quantifying microbial compliance parameters in EU bathing waters, Environment International, 64, pp. 124-128. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2013.12.016 © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.subjectEU Bathing Water Directiveen_UK
dc.subjectFaecal indicator organismen_UK
dc.subjectMicrobial pollutionen_UK
dc.subjectRecreational wateren_UK
dc.titleOpportunities and limitations of molecular methods for quantifying microbial compliance parameters in EU bathing watersen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleEnvironment Internationalen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.funderNatural Environment Research Councilen_UK
dc.description.notesAdditional co-authors: Lidija Globevnik, Valerie J. Harwood, Chris J. Hodgson, David N. Lees, Gordon L. Nichols, Andreas Nocker, Ciska Schetsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationAberystwyth Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationLancaster Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEnvironment Agencyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Exeteren_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCity of Racine - Health Departmenten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment for Environment Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSurfers Against Sewageen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationScottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEnvironment Agencyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUK Water Industry Researchen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Institute for Public Health and the Environmenten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEnvironment Agencyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.relation.funderprojectDelivering Healthy Wateren_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorOliver, David|0000-0002-6200-562Xen_UK
local.rioxx.authorVan Niekerk, Melanie|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKay, David|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHeathwaite, A Louise|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPorter, Jonathan|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFleming, Lora E|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKinzelman, Julie|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorConnolly, Elaine|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCummins, Andy|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMcPhail, Calum|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRahman, Amanna|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorThairs, Ted|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorde Roda Husman, Ana Maria|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHanley, Nicholas|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDunhill, Ian|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorQuilliam, Richard|0000-0001-7020-4410en_UK
local.rioxx.projectNE/I022191/1|Natural Environment Research Council|
local.rioxx.filenameEI_DHWrevision_to submit 161213.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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