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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Face aftereffects suggest interdependent processing of expression and sex and of expression and race
Author(s): Bestelmeyer, Patricia E G
Jones, Benedict C
DeBruine, Lisa M
Little, Anthony
Welling, Lisa L M
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Keywords: Visual adaptation
Face processing
Social cues
Issue Date: 2010
Date Deposited: 4-Dec-2013
Citation: Bestelmeyer PEG, Jones BC, DeBruine LM, Little A & Welling LLM (2010) Face aftereffects suggest interdependent processing of expression and sex and of expression and race. Visual Cognition, 18 (2), pp. 255-274.
Abstract: Bruce and Young (1986) proposed that functionally different aspects of faces (e.g., sex, identity, and expression) are processed independently. Although interdependent processing of identity and expression and of identity and sex have been demonstrated previously, evidence for interdependent processing of sex and expression is equivocal. Using a visual adaptation paradigm, we show that expression aftereffects can be simultaneously induced in different directions along anger-fear continua for male and female faces (Experiment 1) and for East Asian and Black African faces (Experiment 2). These findings for sex- and race-contingent expression aftereffects suggest that processing of expression is interdependent with processing of sex and race and are therefore problematic for models of face perception that have emphasized independent processing of functionally different aspects of faces. By contrast, our findings are consistent with models of face processing that propose that invariant physical aspects of faces and changeable social cues can be processed interdependently.
DOI Link: 10.1080/13506280802708024
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