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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Volcanic impacts on the Holocene vegetation history of Britain and Ireland? A review and meta-analysis of the pollen evidence
Author(s): Payne, Richard
Edwards, Kevin J
Blackford, Jeffrey J
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Keywords: Tephra
Volcanic impacts
Issue Date: Mar-2013
Date Deposited: 1-Nov-2013
Citation: Payne R, Edwards KJ & Blackford JJ (2013) Volcanic impacts on the Holocene vegetation history of Britain and Ireland? A review and meta-analysis of the pollen evidence. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 22 (2), pp. 153-164.
Abstract: Volcanic ash layers show that the products of Icelandic volcanism reached Britain and Ireland many times during the Holocene. Historical records suggest that at least one eruption, that of Laki in a.d. 1783, was associated with impacts on vegetation. These results raise the question: did Icelandic volcanism affect the Holocene vegetation history of Britain and Ireland? Several studies have used pollen data to address this issue but no clear consensus has been reached. We re-analyse the palynological data using constrained ordination with various representations of potential volcanic impacts. We find that the palynological evidence for volcanic impacts on vegetation is weak but suggest that this is a case of absence of evidence and is not necessarily evidence of absence of impact. To increase the chances of identifying volcanic impacts, future studies need to maximise temporal resolution, replicate results, and investigate a greater number of tephras in a broader range of locations, including more studies from lake sediments.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s00334-012-0359-x
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, March 2013, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 153-164 by Springer. The original publication is available at This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.

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