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dc.contributor.authorFuentes-Montemayor, Elisaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCuaron, Alfredo Den_UK
dc.contributor.authorVazquez-Dominguez, Ellaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBenitez-Malvido, Julietaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorValenzuela-Galvan, Daviden_UK
dc.contributor.authorAndresen, Ellenen_UK
dc.description.abstract1 Roads may affect wildlife populations through habitat loss and disturbances, as they create an abrupt linear edge, increasing the proportion of edge exposed to a different habitat. Three types of edge effects have been recognized: abiotic, direct biotic, and indirect biotic. 2 We explored the direct biotic edge effects of 3- to 4-m wide roads, and also a previously unrecognized type of edge effect: social. We live-trapped two threatened endemic rodents from Cozumel Island (Oryzomys couesi cozumelae and Reithrodontomys spectabilis) in 16 plots delimited by roads on two sides, to compare edge effects between two adjacent edges (corners), single-edge and interior forest, on life history and social variables. 3 No significant edge effects were observed on the life-history variables, with the exception of differences in body condition between males and females of O. c. cozumelae near edges. Both species showed significant and contrasting effects on their social variables. 4 O. c. cozumelae was distributed according to its age and sex: the proportion of adults and males was higher in interior than near edges, while juveniles and females were more abundant near edges. More nonreproductive females were present in corners than in single-edge and interior, while the opposite distribution was observed for nonreproductive males. 5 The distribution of R. spectabilis was related to its age and reproductive condition, but not to its sex. The proportion of adults was significantly higher in corners, while juveniles were only caught in single-edge and interior quadrants. The proportion of reproductive individuals was higher in edge than interior quadrants, while reproductive females were only present in edge quadrants. 6 We found significant differences between the quadrants with the greatest edge exposure in comparison with other quadrants. The social edge effects we identified complement the typology of edge effects recognized in ecological literature. Our study provides insight into the effects that sharp road edges have on biological and social characteristics of small mammal populations, highlighting how such effects vary among species. Our findings have important conservation implications for these threatened species, but are also applicable in a broader context wherever there are abrupt edges caused by linear landscape features.en_UK
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell for British Ecological Societyen_UK
dc.relationFuentes-Montemayor E, Cuaron AD, Vazquez-Dominguez E, Benitez-Malvido J, Valenzuela-Galvan D & Andresen E (2009) Living on the edge: Roads and edge effects on small mammal populations. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78 (4), pp. 857-865.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjecthabitat disturbanceen_UK
dc.subjectlinear landscape featuresen_UK
dc.subjectsocial effectsen_UK
dc.subjectLandscape ecologyen_UK
dc.subjectHabitat conservationen_UK
dc.subjectWildlife conservationen_UK
dc.subjectNature Effects of human beings onen_UK
dc.titleLiving on the edge: Roads and edge effects on small mammal populationsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Fuentes-Montemayor et al_2009_RoadsEdgeEffectsSmallMammals_JAnE_78_857-865.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleJournal of Animal Ecologyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationServicios Ambientales, Conservación Biológica y Educación (SACBE)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexicoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexicoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelosen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Autonomous University of Mexicoen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorFuentes-Montemayor, Elisa|0000-0002-5550-9432en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCuaron, Alfredo D|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorVazquez-Dominguez, Ella|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBenitez-Malvido, Julieta|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorValenzuela-Galvan, David|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorAndresen, Ellen|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameFuentes-Montemayor et al_2009_RoadsEdgeEffectsSmallMammals_JAnE_78_857-865.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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