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Appears in Collections:Economics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Luther and the Girls: Religious Denomination and the Female Education Gap in Nineteenth-century Prussia
Author(s): Becker, Sascha
Woessmann, Ludger
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Keywords: Gender gap
JEL classification: I21
Prussia (Germany) Economic conditions 19th century
Church and education Prussia (Germany)
Issue Date: Dec-2008
Date Deposited: 12-Oct-2009
Citation: Becker S & Woessmann L (2008) Luther and the Girls: Religious Denomination and the Female Education Gap in Nineteenth-century Prussia. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 110 (4), pp. 777-805.
Abstract: Martin Luther urged each town to have a girls’ school so that girls would learn to read the Gospel, thereby evoking a surge of building girls’ schools in Protestant areas. Using county and town-level data from the first Prussian census of 1816, we show that a larger share of Protestants decreased the gender gap in basic education. This result holds when using only the exogenous variation in Protestantism due to a county’s or town’s distance to Wittenberg, the birthplace of the Reformation. Similar results are found for the gender gap in literacy among the adult population in 1871.
DOI Link: 10.1111/j.1467-9442.2008.00561.x
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