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dc.contributor.authorRoberts, S Craigen_UK
dc.contributor.authorVakirtzis, Antoniosen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKristjansdottir, Liljaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHavlicek, Janen_UK
dc.description.abstractCross-culturally, participants in public goods games reward participants and punish defectors to a degree beyond that warranted by rational, profit-maximizing considerations. Costly punishment, where individuals impose costs on defectors at a cost to themselves, is thought to promote the maintenance of cooperation. However, despite substantial variation in the extent to which people punish, little is known about why some individuals, and not others, choose to pay these costs. Here, we test whether personality traits might contribute to variation in helping and punishment behavior. We first replicate a previous study using public goods scenarios to investigate effects of sex, relatedness and likelihood of future interaction on willingness to help a group member or to punish a transgressor. As in the previous study, we find that individuals are more willing to help related than unrelated needy others and that women are more likely to express desire to help than men. Desire to help was higher if the probability of future interaction is high, at least among women. In contrast, among these variables, only participant sex predicted some measures of punitive sentiment. Extending the replication, we found that punitive sentiment, but not willingness to help, was predicted by personality traits. Most notably, participants scoring lower on Agreeableness expressed more anger towards and greater desire to punish a transgressor, and were more willing to engage in costly punishment, at least in our scenario. Our results suggest that some personality traits may contribute to underpinning individual variation in social enforcement of cooperation.en_UK
dc.relationRoberts SC, Vakirtzis A, Kristjansdottir L & Havlicek J (2013) Who Punishes? Personality Traits Predict Individual Variation in Punitive Sentiment. Evolutionary Psychology, 11 (1), pp. 186-200.
dc.rightsPublisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Evolutionary Psychology (2013), 11.1, pp.186-200 by Ian Pitchford and Robert M. Young. The original publication is available at:
dc.subjectaltruistic punishmenten_UK
dc.subjectprisoner's dilemmaen_UK
dc.subjectultimatum gameen_UK
dc.subjectevolutionary economicsen_UK
dc.subjectevolutionary psychologyen_UK
dc.titleWho Punishes? Personality Traits Predict Individual Variation in Punitive Sentimenten_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleEvolutionary Psychologyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Liverpoolen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Liverpoolen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCharles University in Pragueen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorRoberts, S Craig|0000-0002-9641-6101en_UK
local.rioxx.authorVakirtzis, Antonios|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKristjansdottir, Lilja|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHavlicek, Jan|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filename2013_Roberts et al EP Punishment.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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