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Appears in Collections:Economics Working Papers
Peer Review Status: Unrefereed
Title: The Trade-off between Fertility and Education: Evidence from before the Demographic Transition
Author(s): Becker, Sascha
Francesco, Cinirella
Woessmann, Ludger
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Citation: Becker S, Francesco C & Woessmann L (2009) The Trade-off between Fertility and Education: Evidence from before the Demographic Transition. Stirling Economics Discussion Paper, 2009-17.
Keywords: Schooling
fertility transition
unified growth theory
19th-century Prussia
Birth control Prussia (Germany)
Fertility, Human Economic aspects
JEL Code(s): I20: Education and Research Institutions: General
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
N33: Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy: Europe: Pre-1913
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2009
Date Deposited: 1-Sep-2009
Series/Report no.: Stirling Economics Discussion Paper, 2009-17
Abstract: The trade-off between child quantity and education is a crucial ingredient of unified growth models that explain the transition from Malthusian stagnation to modern growth. We present first evidence that such a trade-off indeed existed before the demographic transition, exploiting a unique census-based dataset of 334 Prussian counties in 1849. Estimating two separate instrumental-variable models that instrument education by landownership inequality and distance to Wittenberg and fertility by previous-generation fertility and sex-imbalance ratio, we find that causation between fertility and education runs both ways. Furthermore, education in 1849 predicts the fertility transition in 1880-1905.
Type: Working Paper
Affiliation: Economics
Ifo Institute, Germany
University of Munich

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