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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: How to test nontarget effects of veterinary pharmaceutical residues in livestock dung in the field
Author(s): Jochmann, Ralf
Blanckenhorn, Wolf U
Bussiere, Luc
Eirkson, Charles E
Jensen, John
Kryger, Ute
Lahr, Joost
Lumaret, Jean-Pierre
Rombke, Jorg
Wardhaugh, Keith G
Floate, Kevin D
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Keywords: Fecal residues
Nontarget tests
Dung insects
Radiology, Medical
Diagnosis, Ultrasonic
Issue Date: Apr-2011
Date Deposited: 28-Jun-2013
Citation: Jochmann R, Blanckenhorn WU, Bussiere L, Eirkson CE, Jensen J, Kryger U, Lahr J, Lumaret J, Rombke J, Wardhaugh KG & Floate KD (2011) How to test nontarget effects of veterinary pharmaceutical residues in livestock dung in the field. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 7 (2), pp. 287-296.
Abstract: To register veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) as parasiticides on pastured animals, legislation in the European Union requires an environmental risk assessment to test the potential nontarget effects of fecal residues on dung-dwelling organisms. Products with adverse effects in single-species laboratory tests require further, higher-tier testing to assess the extent of these effects on entire communities of dung-dwelling organisms under more realistic field or semifield conditions. Currently, there are no documents specifically written to assist researchers in conducting higher-tier tests or to assist regulators in interpreting the results of such tests in an appropriate context. Here we provide such a document, written by members of the SETAC Advisory Group DOTTS (Dung Organism Toxicity Testing Standardization) with research experience on dung fauna in central and southern Europe, Canada, Australia, and South Africa. This document briefly reviews the organisms that make up the dung community and their role in dung degradation, identifies key considerations in the design and interpretation of experimental studies, and makes recommendations on how to proceed.
DOI Link: 10.1002/ieam.111
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