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dc.contributor.authorSimpson, Ian-
dc.contributor.authorAdderley, W Paul-
dc.contributor.authorGudmundsson, Gardar-
dc.contributor.authorHallsdottir, Margret-
dc.contributor.authorSigurgeirsson, Magnus A-
dc.contributor.authorSnaesdottir, Mjoll-
dc.description.abstractEarly arable activity in Iceland, introduced in the late ninth century A.D., has been characterized as marginal and at a subsistence level, largely abandoned by the 1500s as a result of climatic deterioration. This view has been advanced without considering soils data, the medium in which crops are grown and in which evidence of early land management is retained. Soil thin section micromorphology together with soil total phosphorus values are used to assess land manuring and cultivation strategies at two sites in south-west Iceland, where place name and palynological evidence indicate that arable activity has taken place. Agro-ecosystem modeling, using the CENTURY model, is undertaken to predict grain yields at these sites, and to assess the significance of soil properties and soil management in determining yields. The results of these analyses demonstrate that manure application rates were low, and support the view that grain yields were at a subsistence level. The results also suggest soils, and the management of soils, rather than climate was the major limitation to arable production. Shortages of both available manure and labor are suggested as barriers to soils and grain productivity improvements in early Iceland. The paper highlights the need to include soils analyses in discussions of early agricultural economies.en_UK
dc.publisherSpringer / Plenum Publishing Corporation-
dc.relationSimpson I, Adderley WP, Gudmundsson G, Hallsdottir M, Sigurgeirsson MA & Snaesdottir M (2002) Soil Limitations to Agrarian Land Production in Premodern Iceland, Human Ecology, 30 (4), pp. 423-443.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectSoil micromorphologyen_UK
dc.subjectAgro-ecosystem modellingen_UK
dc.subjectNorse settlementen_UK
dc.subjectHistorical ecologyen_UK
dc.subjectMedieval Icelanden_UK
dc.subjectCultural landscapesen_UK
dc.subjectNorth Atlanticen_UK
dc.subject.lcshIceland Commerce History To 1262-
dc.subject.lcshIceland History To 1262-
dc.subject.lcshLand settlement patterns, Iceland-
dc.subject.lcshSoil formation Iceland-
dc.subject.lcshArchaeological geology-
dc.titleSoil Limitations to Agrarian Land Production in Premodern Icelanden_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitleHuman Ecology-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciences-
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciences-
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Archaeology, Iceland-
dc.contributor.affiliationIcelandic Institute of Natural History-
dc.contributor.affiliationIcelandic Radiation Protection Institute-
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Archaeology, Iceland-
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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