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dc.contributor.authorGreen, Darrenen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKiss, Istvan Zen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMitchell, Andrew Pen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKao, Rowland Ren_UK
dc.description.abstractBoth badgers and livestock movements have been implicated in contributing to the ongoing epidemic of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in British cattle. However, the relative contributions of these and other causes are not well quantified. We used cattle movement data to construct an individual (premises)-based model of BTB spread within Great Britain, accounting for spread due to recorded cattle movements and other causes. Outbreak data for 2004 were best explained by a model attributing 16% of herd infections directly to cattle movements, and a further 9% unexplained, potentially including spread from unrecorded movements. The best-fit model assumed low levels of cattle-to-cattle transmission. The remaining 75% of infection was attributed to local effects within specific high-risk areas. Annual and biennial testing is mandatory for herds deemed at high risk of infection, as is pre-movement testing from such herds. The herds identified as high risk in 2004 by our model are in broad agreement with those officially designated as such at that time. However, border areas at the edges of high-risk regions are different, suggesting possible areas that should be targeted to prevent further geographical spread of disease. With these areas expanding rapidly over the last decade, their close surveillance is important to both identify infected herds quickly, and limit their further growth.en_UK
dc.publisherThe Royal Societyen_UK
dc.relationGreen D, Kiss IZ, Mitchell AP & Kao RR (2008) Estimates for local and movement-based transmission of bovine tuberculosis in British cattle. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 275 (1638), pp. 1001-1005.;
dc.rightsPublished in Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences by The Royal Society.; Copyright © 2008 The Royal Society; EXiS (Excellence in Science) Open Choice. Publisher statement: "This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited".;
dc.subjectTuberculosis in cattleen_UK
dc.titleEstimates for local and movement-based transmission of bovine tuberculosis in British cattleen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciencesen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Aquacultureen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sussexen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationVeterinary Laboratories Agencyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgowen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorGreen, Darren|0000-0001-9026-5675en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKiss, Istvan Z|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMitchell, Andrew P|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKao, Rowland R|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles

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