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dc.contributor.authorTipping, Richarden_UK
dc.contributor.authorAshmore, Patricken_UK
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Altheaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHaggart, B Andrewen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMoir, Andrewen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNewton, Anthonyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSands, Roberten_UK
dc.contributor.authorSkinner, Theoen_UK
dc.contributor.authorTisdall, Eileenen_UK
dc.description.abstractPollen, microscopic charcoal, palaeohydrological and dendrochronological analyses are applied to a radiocarbon and tephrochronologically dated mid Holocene (ca. 8500–3000 cal B.P.) peat sequence with abundant fossil Pinus (pine) wood. The Pinus populations on peat fluctuated considerably over the period in question. Colonisation by Pinus from ca. 7900–7600 cal B.P. appears to have had no specific environmental trigger; it was probably determined by the rate of migration from particular populations. The second phase, at ca. 5000–4400 cal B.P., was facilitated by anthropogenic interference that reduced competition from other trees. The pollen record shows two Pinus declines. The first at ca. 6200–5500 cal B.P. was caused by a series of rapid and frequent climatic shifts. The second, the so-called pine decline, was very gradual (ca. 4200–3300 cal B.P.) at Loch Farlary and may not have been related to climate change as is often supposed. Low intensity but sustained grazing pressures were more important. Throughout the mid Holocene, the frequency and intensity of burning in these open Pinus–Calluna woods were probably highly sensitive to hydrological (climatic) change. Axe marks on several trees are related to the mid to late Bronze Age, i.e., long after the trees had died.en_UK
dc.relationTipping R, Ashmore P, Davies A, Haggart BA, Moir A, Newton A, Sands R, Skinner T & Tisdall E (2008) Prehistoric Pinus woodland dynamics in an upland landscape in northern Scotland: the roles of climate change and human impact. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 17 (3), pp. 251-267.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectPinus sylvestrisen_UK
dc.subjectpollen analysisen_UK
dc.subjectclimate changeen_UK
dc.subjecthuman activityen_UK
dc.subjectPaleoclimatology Scotlanden_UK
dc.subjectScots pine Scotlanden_UK
dc.subjectForest decline Scotlanden_UK
dc.subjectClimatic changes Scotlanden_UK
dc.subjectScotland Antiquitiesen_UK
dc.titlePrehistoric Pinus woodland dynamics in an upland landscape in northern Scotland: the roles of climate change and human impacten_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[VHA Farlary.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleVegetation History and Archaeobotanyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationHistoric Scotlanden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirlingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Greenwichen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBrunel Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Edinburghen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity College Dublin (UCD)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Museums Scotlanden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorTipping, Richard|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorAshmore, Patrick|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDavies, Althea|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHaggart, B Andrew|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMoir, Andrew|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorNewton, Anthony|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSands, Robert|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSkinner, Theo|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorTisdall, Eileen|0000-0002-9902-4461en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameVHA Farlary.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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