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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Storminess as an explanation for the decline of pine woodland ca. 7,400 years ago at Loch Tulla, western Scotland
Author(s): Tipping, Richard
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Keywords: Palaeoecology
Pinus sylvestris
Climate change
Wind throw
Afforestation Scotland
Scotland Antiquities
Environmental archaeology Scotland
Biological diversity conservation Scotland
Climatic changes Scotland
Scots pine Scotland
Forest decline Scotland
Paleoclimatology Scotland
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Date Deposited: 11-Jun-2009
Citation: Tipping R (2008) Storminess as an explanation for the decline of pine woodland ca. 7,400 years ago at Loch Tulla, western Scotland. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 17 (4), pp. 345-350.
Abstract: Pinus wood remains some 7,400 years old are abundantly preserved near the base of eroding peat at Clashgour, west of Loch Tulla on Rannoch Moor in western Scotland. Measurements are presented of the orientations of root systems in 42 in situ stumps, the direction of fall in 27 fallen trunks and the orientation (where direction of fall cannot be defined) in 40 fallen trunks. There are statistically significant orientations in the root systems, which suggests that the root structure of the trees had responded to stress from westerly winds. However, despite this the orientations and directions of fall in tree trunks, also statistically significant, show that many trees were probably blown over by strong westerly winds. The data suggest that increased precipitation and accelerated paludification are less likely explanations for tree loss at this site than a sudden demise through wind-throw.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s00334-008-0145-y
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