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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Blanket peat in the Scottish Highlands: timing, cause, spread and the myth of environmental determinism
Author(s): Tipping, Richard
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Keywords: blanket peat
Climate change
Human activity
Paleoecology Scotland
Neolithic period Scotland
Forests and forestry Scotland History
Geology Scotland
Scotland Antiquities
Afforestation Scotland
Issue Date: Aug-2008
Date Deposited: 11-Jun-2009
Citation: Tipping R (2008) Blanket peat in the Scottish Highlands: timing, cause, spread and the myth of environmental determinism. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17 (9), pp. 2097-2113.
Abstract: This contribution describes the geomorphic, stratigraphic, palaeoclimatic, palaeoecological and 14C dating evidence for the timing within the present interglacial of blanket peat initiation and extension (‘spread’) from five localities throughout the upland and northern regions of Scotland. The results suggest that blanket peat was common or abundant over much of the highland landscape within a few thousand years of the beginning of the Holocene period. Blanket peat developed either as an inevitable but rapid end-stage to soil development in this generally cold and wet climate or was promoted by climatic change. There is no evidence from this data-set that blanket peat developed as a result of anthropogenic activities. It is suggested, indeed, that farming communities successfully resisted the natural spread of peat across their fields.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s10531-007-9220-4
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