Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorDugmore, Andrew Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGisladottir, Gudrunen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, Ianen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNewton, Anthonyen_UK
dc.description.abstractWith reference to 18 tephra isochrones, we present six reconstructions of landscapes in South Iceland at precise times through the last 1200 years and develop three related models of soil erosion. Before the late ninth century A.D., the landscapes of Iceland were without people and resilient to natural processes. The initial impact of human settlement in the ninth century AD was most profound in ecologically marginal areas, where major anthropogenic modifications of the ecology drove geomorphological change. In the uplands, overgrazing contributed to the formation of a dense patchwork of breaks in the vegetation cover where soil erosion developed and resulted in the rapid denudation of large areas. As the upland soils were shallow (generally 2m) involved a lower spatial density of eroding fronts and a slower loss of soil cover, but a much greater movement of sediment. Land-management strategies, changes in species patterns of plant communities, extreme weather events and climate changes have combined in differing degrees to initiate and drive rates of soil erosion. Sensitivity to change and the crossing of erosion thresholds has varied through time. The record of soil erosion has major implications for both archaeology and contemporary land management.en_UK
dc.publisherEagle Hill Foundation / Northern Research Networken_UK
dc.relationDugmore AJ, Gisladottir G, Simpson I & Newton A (2009) Conceptual models of 1200 years of Icelandic soil erosion reconstructed using tephrochronology. Journal of the North Atlantic, 2, pp. 1-18.
dc.rightsThe publisher has granted permission for use of this article in this Repository. The article was first published in the Journal of the North Atlantic by the Eagle Hill Foundation / Northern Research Network.en_UK
dc.subjecthistorical ecologyen_UK
dc.titleConceptual models of 1200 years of Icelandic soil erosion reconstructed using tephrochronologyen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleJournal of the North Atlanticen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Edinburghen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Icelanden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Edinburghen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorDugmore, Andrew J|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorGisladottir, Gudrun|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSimpson, Ian|0000-0003-2447-7877en_UK
local.rioxx.authorNewton, Anthony|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameJ081029 Dugmore.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
J081029 Dugmore.pdfFulltext - Published Version1.59 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.