Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Flexible and tenacious goal pursuit lead to improving well-being in an aging population: A ten-year cohort study
Author(s): Kelly, Rebecca E
Wood, Alex M
Mansell, Warren
Contact Email:
Keywords: goal pursuit
Older people Psychology
Older people Social conditions
Aging Psychological aspects
Aging Social aspects
Issue Date: Jan-2013
Date Deposited: 22-Apr-2013
Citation: Kelly RE, Wood AM & Mansell W (2013) Flexible and tenacious goal pursuit lead to improving well-being in an aging population: A ten-year cohort study. International Psychogeriatrics, 25 (1), pp. 16-24.
Abstract: Background: Previous research has shown that tendencies to tenaciously pursue goals and flexibly adapt goals independently relate to well-being in adults in mid-to-late life, but research has not tested whether these tendencies interact. For example, tenacity may only predict well-being in combination with flexibility. This research tests whether these tendencies interact to predict changes in health-related outcomes. Methods: A large cohort of people (n=5,666), initially aged 55-56, completed measures of flexibility, tenacity, health-related outcomes (physical health, depression, hostility), as well as demographics. Participants provided follow-up data on all measures ten years later. Moderation analysis was used to test whether flexibility and tenacity interacted to predict changes in the health-related outcomes over the period. Results: The interaction between tenacity and flexibility significantly predicted changes in depression, hostility, and physical ill-health symptoms over ten years, such that highly flexible and tenacious individuals experienced the largest decreases in symptoms of depression, hostility, and physical ill-health. Conclusions: The interaction between flexibility and tenacity predicts greater well-being, such that one is most protective when an individual also scores highly on the other. The combination of flexibility and tenacity in the pursuit of personal goals may mean individuals can enjoy gains associated with goal pursuit without the detrimental effects of persevering in blocked goals.
DOI Link: 10.1017/S1041610212001391
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in International Psychogeriatrics / Volume 25 / Issue 01 / January 2013, pp 16-24 Copyright © International Psychogeriatric Association 2012 . The original publication is available at

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Wood_2013_Flexible_and_tenacious_goal_pursuit.pdfFulltext - Published Version175.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.