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Appears in Collections:Economics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Labour force participation and the business cycle: A comparative analysis of France, Japan, Sweden and the United States
Author(s): Darby, Julia
Hart, Robert A
Vecchi, Michela
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Keywords: Participation
Business cycle
Discouraged worker
Issue Date: Apr-2001
Date Deposited: 25-Feb-2013
Citation: Darby J, Hart RA & Vecchi M (2001) Labour force participation and the business cycle: A comparative analysis of France, Japan, Sweden and the United States. Japan and the World Economy, 13 (2), pp. 113-133.
Abstract: This paper investigates the cyclical responsiveness of participation in the labour force. We examine systems of equations, disaggregated by age and gender, for France, Japan, Sweden and the US, using data from the OECD Labour Force Statistics, 1970-1995. We use measures of country specific business cycles following Harvey and Jaeger (1993) and test for asymmetric responses of participation to expansionary and contractionary phases of the cycle. Our results show that discouraged worker effects are prevalent. These effects are strongest in the downward phase of the cycle and are essentially a female phenomenon, with a particular concentration among 45-54 year olds.
DOI Link: 10.1016/S0922-1425(00)00049-9
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